How to Write an Essay

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уВводные фразы для написания эссе на английском языке

Начало эссе (фактически - сочинения на заданную тему) - постановка проблемы. В первом абзаце необходимо перефразировать тему, дополнить, показав, что вы её осмыслили. Many people think … but others do not agree.

Let us consider what the advantages and disadvantages of … are. Let’s consider some pros and cons of it.
Let us start by considering the facts.
Let us start by considering pros and cons of it.
It is generally agreed today that …
Следующие фразы можно использовать, если требуется рассмотреть аргументы "за" и "против". Не забывайте использовать слова-связки.

To begin with, …
You can …
Firstly,.../ Secondly,.../ Finally,...
One argument in support of...
The first thing that needs to be said is...
first and foremost
It is... true that.../ clear that.../ noticeable that...
One should note here that...
Another good thing about … is that …
The second reason for...
It is often said that...
It is undeniable that...
It is a well-known fact that...
For the great majority of people...
We live in a world in which...
A number of key issues arise from the statement. For one... One of the most striking features of this problem is...
First of all, let us try to understand...
The public in general tend to believe that...
What is more, …
Besides, … because it is …
Doubtless,...
One cannot deny that...
It is (very) clear from these observations that...
On the other hand, we can observe that...
The other side of the coin is, however, that...
Another way of looking at this question is to...
One should, nevertheless, consider the problem from another angle. One should, however, not forget that...
If on the one hand it can be said that... the same is not true for... On the other hand, …
Although …
Besides, …
Moreover,
Furthermore, one should not forget that...
In addition to...
Nevertheless, one should accept that...
However, we also agree that...
Подкрепить свою мысль можно мнением (неких абстрактных) экспертов

Experts...
... believe that
... say that
... suggest that
... are convinced that
... point out that
... emphasise that
According to some experts...
Perhaps we should also point out the fact that...
It would be unfair not to mention that fact that...
One must admit that...
We cannot ignore the fact that...
One cannot possibly accept the fact that...
From these facts, one may conclude that...
Which seems to confirm the idea that...
Thus,.../ Therefore,...
The most common argument against this is that...

В заключении делаете вывод.
In conclusion, I can say that although … , …
To draw the conclusion, one can say that …
So it’s up to everybody to decide whether … or not.
The arguments we have presented... suggest that.../ prove that.../ would indicate that... From these arguments one must.../ could.../ might... conclude that...

Образец эссе с аргументацией «за» и «против»

ЗАДАНИЕ:
In western countries after secondary school, students very often do not continue immediately with their studies, but they take a one year break, called a ‘gap year’, when they travel or do voluntary work. Write an argumentative essay presenting arguments for and against the gap year.

Образец эссе:
Введение
в тему
In today’s world of fierce competition, it is important for young people to get well-prepared for the challenges of the future. Thus the institution of gap year can be regarded as a step in the right direction though it is also not without its problems.

Аргументы
«за»
In its favour, the gap year seems to be useful psychologically as it helps young people understand their needs and interest better before they actually commit themselves to any particular career path. Besides, the gap year has educational advantages because it offers a lot of opportunities to learn about the world and one’s own place in it. For all these reasons, the gap year...
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