Argument: Scholars and others who are interested in democracy and its quality have worried too much about apathy of the public, political inequality, and low levels of participation. Democracies still are more representative than other types of regimes even in the presence of these less-than-ideal conditions. In fact, the more mature a democracy gets, the less engaged citizens tend to be.
Logic: Inequality is part of democracy, as is a messy contest between special interests. It doesn’t make sense to treat everyone as equal when comparing someone who affects many people and has a particular expertise (e.g. a major employer) to someone with little influence and expertise (an average citizen). You also can’t get rid of special interests, because they are a natural outgrowth of democracy. As long as the outcomes are generally representative of the needs of the whole, then democracy is functioning just fine.
Political inequality: research on factors that determine political effectiveness Participation: statistics on national vote totals, mayor of Rochester, vote for Clinton Enlightened voters: evidence that most Americans don’t know basic facts about composition of Congress, the Constitution, etc.
Policy Prescription: Stop freaking out...