B.Ed (IInd Year)
Assignments for two special compulsory courses
BESE-065:HIV AND AIDS EDUCATION
Answer the following questions
i) Briefly explain the need and importance of HIV and AIDS education.( 250 words)
Answer: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. This virus causes Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which is a life threatening disease and a major cause of concern for the government as well as general public. As the cure for AIDS is not known yet, it is important that people acquire as much preventive information about AIDS as possible which can be achieved only through education in this respect. HIV/AIDS is a disease whose prevalence shows no signs of abating. According to some estimates, about 40,000 new cases of HIV are reported every year. And the most potent form of prevention (for there really is no cure) is awareness. In such a scenario, it becomes imperative to focus on education as a tool to spread awareness. Comprehensive HIV and AIDS education beneficial to the student in the following aspects: How to protect and promote one’s health
* Basic knowledge of HIV and AIDS – including how to protect oneself from HIV infection. * Learning about treatment and.
Social and emotional aspects
* How to maintain a healthy level of self-confidence and self-esteem. * Coping with difficult and risky situations.
* Coping with loss.
Promotion of equity, including gender issues
* Understanding that social, biological, economic and cultural factors affect vulnerability to HIV. * Understanding that men and women have similar rights in society and family. Overcoming stigma and discrimination and promoting human rights * How to show support for HIV positive people and how not to discriminate against or stigmatize people living with HIV. * Understanding the importance of confronting HIV and AIDS in the community. For the prevention of this disease it becomes important to impart the kind of education that teaches non-discriminatory practices towards people suffering from HIV while simultaneously explaining how one can contract the disease and how to guard against it. Indeed, it is only when each member of society is educated about the disease will we be able to fight diseases like HIV/AIDS in a comprehensive manner. ii) Describe any two modes of transmission of HIV. (250 words) HIV can enter the body through open cuts or sores and by directly infecting cells in the mucous membranes. Transmission can happen through the mouth, the eyes, vagina, penis (through the urethra), in the anus and rectum. HIV cannot cross healthy, unbroken skin. However, the appearance of HIV in saliva, urine, tears, and sweat is of no major clinical importance, as transmission of HIV through these fluids does not routinely occur, primarily because of the low concentration of HIV in these fluids. Now that we know about the source fluid of the virus we will talk about the mode of transmission of this virus from person to another. It can be said that there are two major modes of transmission of HIV infection from one person to another .these are: 1. HIV Transmission Through Sexual Activities
2. HIV Transmission Through Non-Sexual Activities
HIV Transmission Through Sexual Activities
Sexual activity is the most common way for HIV to be transmitted. HIV can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, both vaginal and anal. HIV can easily pass through the mucus membranes in the genitals and the rectum, or may pass through cuts and sores. HIV can also be transmitted through oral sex. Conditions such as bleeding gums and poor oral health increase the risk of transmission through oral sex. HIV Transmission Through Non-Sexual Activities
Blood transfusion and Injection Drug Use
Blood transfusions and sharing syringes [needles, works or fits] pose a very high risk for HIV transmission. It is...