History Russian Revolution Vce Notes

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  History
 Revolutions
 Exam
 Notes:
 
  RUSSIAN
 REVOLUTION
 
Emily
 Spiezia
 

 
 
 

  UNIT
 3
 &
 4
 
  2012
 

Emily
 Spiezia
 12Green
 2012
 Exam
 Notes
 

LIFE
 UNDER
 TSARISM
 

 

 "The
 Russian
 working
 class
 is
 burdened
 by
 a
 double
 yoke;
 it
 is.......
 robbed
 by
 the
 capitalists
 and
 landlords,
 and
 to
  prevent
 it
 from
 fighting
 them,
 the
 police
 bind
 it
 hand
 and
 foot,
 gag
 it,
 and
 persecute
 every
 attempt
 to
 defend
 the
 rights
  of
 the
 people."
 –
 Lenin
 1899
 
  Leadership
 Profile
 –
 TSAR
 NICHOLAS
 
  • “has
 not
 inherited
 his
 father’s
 commanding
 personality
 nor
 the
 strong
 character
 and
 prompt
 decision
 making
 which
 are
  so
 essential
 to
 an
 autocratic
 ruler”
 –
 British
 Ambassador
  • “I
 am
 not
 prepared
 to
 be
 Tsar.
 I
 never
 wanted
 to
 become
 one.
 I
 know
 nothing
 of
 the
 business
 of
 ruling”
 –
 Nicholas
  • “I
 will
 preserve
 my
 principal
 of
 Autocracy”
 –
 Nicholas
  • “Unfit
 to
 run
 a
 village
 post
 office”
 –
 Unknown
 government
 minister
 

 
 
 

• •

 
 
 

Devoted
 family
 man
 –
 preferred
 private
 life
 to
 public
 affairs
  Relied
 on
 advisors
  “He
 was
 wholly
 ignorant
 about
 governmental
 matters…
 He
 should
 have
 been
 taught
 statesmanship
 and
 he
 was
 not”
 –
  Duchess
 Olga
 (Nicholas’
 sister)
  Willing
 to
 use
 violence
 to
 suppress
 opposition
  “His
 mentality
 and
 circumstances
 kept
 him
 wholly
 out
 of
 touch
 with
 his
 people”
 Kerensky
  "The
 daily
 work
 of
 a
 ruler
 he
 found
 terribly
 boring.
 He
 could
 not
 stand
 listening
 long
 or
 seriously
 to
 ministers'
 reports,
 or
  reading
  them.
  He
  liked
  such
  ministers
  as
  could
  tell
  an
  amusing
  story
  and
  did
  not
  weary
  his
  attention
  with
  too
  much
  business."
 -­‐
 Alexander
 Kerensky,
 1966
  Got
 rid
 of
 officials
 who
 were
 “socially
 or
 politically
 dangerous”
 



 



 
 






 

  RUSSIAN
 EMPIRE
 
 
• • • •

  SOCIAL
 STRUCTURE
 

Many
 different
 ethnic
 groups
 –
 6
 out
 of
 10
 had
 Russian
 as
 a
 foreign
 language
  Total
 population
 125
 million
  Russia
 –
 Big
 country
 geographically
 
  Terrible
 infrastructure
 made
 communication
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