History Outlines: American Civil War

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I. United States Civil War: causes, course, and effects
a. Cotton Economy and Slavery
i. Cotton is King
ii. Conditions of enslavement
1. “peculiar institution” of slavery frowned upon for a long time iii. Abolitionists
2. Underground Railroad
a. Network of secret routes and safe houses used in helping slaves escape to free states b. Harriet Tubman
i. Also known as Moses
ii. Made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom iii. Most famous of the Underground Railroad’s conductors b. Origins of the civil war

iv. Political issues
3. Balance of free states to slave states in Congress 4. The gag bill
v. States’ rights
5. Dred Scott case
c. Supreme Court ruled that slaves were property not people therefore had no rights d. South argued that each state had the right to secede vi. Modernization

6. Northern war time prosperity
7. Had an easier time paying for the war than the Suth vii. Sectionalism
8. Economic interests
e. South
iv. Agriculture
v. Low tariff
f. North
vi. Industry
vii. High tariff
9. Slavery issues
g. Southern fear of slave riots
viii. Fugitive slave laws passed
h. Northern personal liberty laws passed
ix. Northwest Ordinance and Missouri Compromise stop spread of slavery viii. Nullification Crisis
10. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
11. States had the right and the duty to declare unconstitutional any acts of Congress that were not authorized by the Constitution c. Abolitionist Debate
ix. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
12. Impact
i. Helped to fueled the northern abolitionist movement

II. Westward Expansion
d. Causes
x. Manifest Destiny
e. Effects
xi. Increased sectionalism
xii. Mexican American War
xiii. Mexican Cession
f. Sectional debates
xiv. South had plantation agriculture based on slave labor xv. North was industrialized and urbanized
g. Crisis of the 1850s
xvi. Territorial Crisis
13. Northern free soil interests vigorously sought to curtail any further expansion of slave soil 14. Slaveholding interests looked forward to the institution flourishing in these lands as well 15. It was these territorial disputes that the proslavery and antislavery forces collided over  h. Kansas Nebraska Act

xvii. Popular sovereignty
xviii. Bleeding Kansas
16. Free-soilers from the north
17. Border Ruffians from the south
i. Ostend Manifesto
xix. Attempt to acquire Cuba from Spain
xx. Angered northerners
j. Lincoln Douglas Debates
xxi. Put Lincoln into the lime light of politics
xxii. Although Douglas won the Senate seat, Lincoln would go on to win the presidency xxiii. Most famous debate at Freeport Illinois
18. Douglas
j. Freeport Doctrine
x. Slavery would stay down in a state if it was voted down k. Election of 1860
xxiv. Won by Abraham Lincoln
19. Soon after South Carolina seceded from the Union l. Emancipation Proclamation
xxv. Lincoln declared slaves in the seceded states to be free m. Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy
xxvi. Capital located in Richmond Virginia

III. Union vs. Confederate
n. Union
xxvii. Strengths...
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