August 22, 2012
1. Wartime Reconstruction, 1862-1864
2. Presidential Reconstruction 1865-1866
Can Slavery continue indefinitely?
The Union perpetual
-Lincoln wanted to win the war, but he did not want to destroy the old south -Congress wanted to transform the south.
-Lincoln wants to abolish slavery because it would cripple the economy, and believed in a gradual proclomation plan
-Emancipation Proclamation, 1863
-Liberates slaves that are in states that are at war with the Union only
-It crippled the southern economy
-Legalized the enlistment of freed slaves into the union army -Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, 1863, known as Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan
1. the pardoning of all confederates signed an oath of allegiance to the us (union) are pardoned their crimes (doesnt include govt and military leaders)
2. recognizes any southern state government providing that 10% of the states voters provide loyalty to the federal government, that state can hold a constitutional convention and be readmitted to the Union. (Louisiana did this)
3. All confederates could retrieve their land that had been confiscated by the federal government, also getting their political rights back; happens once they receive pardons and accept the freeing of slaves.
4. Guarantees the protection of lower ranking confederate soldiers.
5. Guarantees the prosecution of military soldiers that left the union to join the confederacy, and soldiers that killed and tortured Union soldiers (white or black), they are denied amnesty.
-Lincoln wants to please southerners and preserve the union
-Lincoln's terms do not punish the confederates
-Lincoln's terms do nothing for African Americans besides free them.
-Congress disagrees with Lincoln's plans
-Believes that he is being to easy on the south
-They want to punish the south
-These guys are called Radical Republicans
-They oppose Lincoln's plan
-They favor a more aggressive approach
-They want to pass additional legislation to protect these freed slaves.
-Congressman Benjamin Wade & Henry Winter Davis propose a very different plan -Under this Bill reconstruction could not begin until a majority of states/voters swore an allegiance to the US. -The new constitution of these states would have to renounce both slavery and succession and disenfranchise all Confederate leaders (very radical) -Congress also wants to appoint new military governments to all states -Bill guaranteed full legal and civil rights to African Americans (including voting rights) -Lincoln refused to sign this bill
1. Emancipation and then what?
2. A free labor system
3. The Freedmens Bureau
Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867
-Andrew Johnson (new president)
-From the South
-Born in poverty, hated wealthy Southern Slave owners
-Believed South was at fault for the war
-More Lenient than Lincoln
-Holds same beliefs as Lincoln & wants to preserve the Union -Proposes a new Plan
1. All Confederates who took an oath of loyalty to the Union would be pardoned and get their land back (this only excluded high ranking military leaders)
2. He named provisional governors to the seceded states and told them to organize constitutional conventions so they could be readmitted to the Union. (they could do so if they abolished slavery)
3. He left out any provision for black voting or participation in politics; he did nothing to protect the civil rights of formal slaves. -Violence spreads across the South, and lawmakers try to regain control over the former slaves -The old slave owning men are in charge again, therefor wanting to regain control over the former slaves. -Black Codes
-Lawmakers in south create this
-A version of old slave codes & are meant to limit the civil rights and liberties of the African Americans.