History Notes

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Junior Year
SL IB History Notes

Paper 1
* Based on the Prescribed Subjects
* Communism & Crisis
* Arab Israeli Conflict
* Peacemaking – Peacekeeping
* Themes
* Wilson & 14 Points
* Terms of the Paris Peace Treaties
* Geo-Political Economic & Mandate Impact in Europe
* The Conferences (Washington, London, Geneva, etc.)
* Provisions of all the Treaties
* Principles & Threats to Collective Security
* Ruhr Crisis
* Locarno/Locarno Era – “Locarno Spirit”
* 5 Documents, 4 Questions – 60 minutes + 5 minutes to read * Question 4 ALWAYS involves the use of ALL 5 Documents and background knowledge * Given 5 minutes prior to read all of the documents

* NEVER use the word “bias”
* A replacement can be objectivity
* Avoid saying that a source is primary or secondary
* Keep your approach to analyzing the sources as simple as possible Question 3
* Always asks about Origin, Purpose, Value & Limitation (OPVL) * Underline OPVL
* Source Types
* Private letters, diaries, or memories
* Poems, novels (fiction)
* Drawings, paintings, cartoons
* Photographs/film
* Newspapers
* Statistics
* Government Records
* Oral History
* Origin & Purpose
* Who said/wrote/produced it? (the source)
* When was it said/written/produced?
* Where was it said/written/produced?
* To/for whom was it said/written/produced?
* Concern yourself with: reliability of the source (determine the value) * Unreliable sources may still be valuable – recognize their “unreliability” * Value & Limitation
* Objective or Subjective?
* “Biased?” (DO NOT use the word “biased”)
* Primary or Secondary Source?
* Contemporary?
* Eye Witness?
* Official Record?
* Private?
* Propoganda?
* Written with hindsight?

How to Write an Essay Painlessly (Paper 2)

Introduction
* Put the question into the right context; the right time & place * Make it clear that you, yourself understand the question being asked & why it’s important. * This may mean you define some words from the question clearly Main Body of the Essay

* Logical Flow
* The order of your paragraphs may be determined by:
* The importance of each idea
* The timing of each idea
* Whether or not the idea supports or disagrees with your argument * A paragraph has one main argumentative point, the rest should give support for this on central point * One central argument

* Supporting Evidence
* Facts
* Quotations
* Historiography
* Statistics
* Linked Arguments
Conclusion
* Summarize your argument briefly (Restate the question!) * Try and widen the context of the question to show the wider implication of your argument. In other words, how does this question & answer fit into a bigger picture?

The Russo-Japanese War
China’s Appeal
* Large population
* Filled with lots of natural resources
* Coal
* Tin
* Tungsten
Tea & Silk Trade
* Raw silk could be readily sold in European markets
Ineffective Manchu Government
* Mid-19th century & beginning of 20th century
* Lacked military power
* Easily intimidated
Japan Becomes Imperialistic
* Wanted to become a “Major Power”
* Wanted to honor the Emperor and glorify the military
* Industry
* Needed Raw Materials
* Cotton
* Iron Ore
* Oil
* Wanted outlets for their surplus population
* Location
* Japan was placed within reach of all of Asia’s undeveloped countries Background
* Great Britain’s “interaction” with China
* Great Britain forced China to import opium because they were selling it * Britain annexed Hong Kong; had it until 1999
*...
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