History Germany Notes

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Guide to GCSE History exam – Unit 2 Depth Study

1 hour 15 minutes

Question 1

1a (source inference)

What can you learn from source A about…? 4 marks (6 minutes)

Source A: From a book about the history of Germany, published in 2009.

On the evening of 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was destroyed by a massive fire. A young Dutchman, a Communist supporter called Marinus van der Lubbe, was caught on the site. Van der Lubbe was put on trial, found guilty and executed. But his execution was not enough for Hitler; he saw the Reichstag fire as an opportunity to attack the Communists. He used the Reichstag fire to make President Hindenburg declare a State of Emergency.

What can you learn from Source A about Communism in Germany in 1933?

Source A: From a book about the history of Germany, 1858–1990, published in 2001.

The Nazis never quite had the courage to destroy the Churches of Germany and risk the opposition this might have caused. The Nazis did, however, try to reduce the influence of the Churches, with mixed results. By the end of 1933, Catholic priests were being harassed and Catholic youth groups were forced to join with the Hitler Youth. A new Protestant Church was introduced and a strong Nazi supporter was put in charge of it.

What can you learn from Source A about Nazi attitudes towards the Churches in Germany?

1b Describe the key features of something - 6 marks (8 minutes)

Describe the measures taken by Hitler to control the churches in Germany. Describe the measures taken in the Treaty of Versailles to limit German power. Describe the policies of the Nazi government towards the young in the years 1933–39. Describe the key features of the Weimar Constitution.

1c Use your knowledge to explain effects or consequences - 8 marks (12 minutes)

Explain the effects of The Night of the Long Knives (1934)
Explain the effects of the Reichstag Fire in 1933.
Explain the effects of Stresemann’s economic policies in the years 1924–29. Explain the effects in 1923 of the French occupation of the Ruhr.

1d Use your knowledge to explain why something happened - 8 marks (12 minutes)

Explain why Hitler was determined to make young people join youth movements in Nazi Germany Explain why Hitler carried out a policy of persecution of the Jews and other minority groups in the years 1933–39. Explain why the German people disliked the Treaty of Versailles. Explain why the Treaty of Versailles created difficulties for the German government in 1919–20.

Question 2 – Choose one question from a choice of two (2a or 2b)

Explain how something changed or developed - 8 marks (12 minutes)

(a) Explain how the Treaty of Versailles affected Germany in the years up to 1924. OR
(b) Explain how education changed in Germany in the years 1933–39.

(a) Explain how Germany recovered from its economic and political difficulties in the years 1924–29 under Stresemann’s leadership. OR
(b) Explain how the position of young people changed in Germany in the years 1933–39.

(a) Explain how Hitler was able to overcome opposition to his government in the years 1933–34. OR
(b) Explain how the position of Jews in Germany changed in the years 1933–39.

(a) Explain how Hitler dealt with the Catholic and Protestant churches in Germany1933–39. OR
(b) Explain how the standard of living for people in Germany changed in the years 1933–39.

Question 3 – Choose one question from a choice of two (3a or 3b)

Use your knowledge to make a judgment about something - 16 marks (25 minutes)

It may be about causes, effects or the importance of factors. You will have a scaffold to help you plan your answer. For a top grade, you will need to include a point of your own to those set out by the exam board.

(a) Was the introduction of a new currency the most important action taken by Stresemann in restoring stability to Germany in the years 1924–28? Explain...
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