History Course Notes 12th

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HIUS History II

History Notes Class 12

In Howl by Allen Ginsburg, he speaks about the scenery of the world he lives in. Jazz and drugs circulated in a seemingly grim setting. He praises poets as some of the greatest minds of his generation and spoke about homosexuality and graphic sexual descriptions. The Port Huron Statement by Students for a Democratic Society spoke about race and alienation as two focal points to improve and be wary about for a better America. Racism and discrimination have been around since Columbus’ discovery of this continent and not all too much has changed since. There is a decline of utopia and hope in our social society. The horrors of the twentieth century, symbolized in the gas-ovens and concentration camps and atom bombs, have blasted hopefulness. To change things, universal controlled disarmament must replace deterrence and arms control as the national defense goal. Universities also need to play a larger part in social change as that is where learning heavily takes place among young adult minds. In The Ballot or the Bullet by Malcolm X, he begins his speech by explaining that he is still Muslim, but that is not the focus of what he wants to convey to the people. He speaks on the unfulfilled promises of the Democratic Party for civil rights and the need for change taking initiative. African-Americans were becoming more politically-mature and that they could be the swing vote in an election. Malcolm X spoke about how their votes can be utilized “A ballot is like a bullet. You don't throw your ballots until you see a target, and if that target is not within your reach, keep your ballot in your pocket.” The African-American community needed to ease themselves of their vices like alcohol and drugs to become a more conscious individual. The bullet he talks about is symbolism for no longer turning the other cheek and for African-Americans in this country to take action with action. If there wasn’t a...
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