History 28.1 Notes

Topics: John F. Kennedy, Cold War, Nikita Khrushchev Pages: 2 (298 words) Published: April 26, 2013
The Televised Debate Affects Votes
• Americans fear U.S. falling behind Soviets militarily
• John F. Kennedy, Democratic nominee from Massachusetts, discusses Catholicism openly, allays public worries
• First televised presidential debate between Kennedy, Richard Nixon • Nixon is foreign policy expert • Kennedy coached by TV producers, comes across better than Nixon Kennedy and Civil Rights • JFK takes stand on arrest of Martin Luther King, Jr; wins black vote The Camelot Years The Kennedy Mystique

• Kennedy wins presidency in close election
• Critics argue his smooth style lacks substance
• Kennedy White House known as Camelot for its glamour, culture, wit • First Lady admired for her elegance; constant articles about family The Best and the Brightest
• JFK’s advisers called “the best and the brightest” • Brother Robert Kennedy named attorney general
A New Military Policy
Defining a Military Strategy
• JFK believes must redefine nation’s nuclear strategy
• Flexible response—fight conventional wars, limited wars around the world, keep nuclear arms balanced
• JFK increases defense spending in three areas:
- strengthens conventional forces
- creates army Special Forces (Green Berets) - triples nuclear capabilities Crises over Cuba The Cuban Dilemma
• Revolutionary leader Fidel Castro declares himself communist - seizes U.S. properties; Eisenhower cuts off diplomatic relations • 10% of Cuban population goes into exile; mostly to U.S.
The Bay of Pigs
• Cuban exiles, CIA plan invasion to topple Castro
• Plans go wrong; exile forces killed, taken prisoner
• JFK pays ransom in food, medicine; mission is public embarrassment The Cuban Missile Crisis
• Nikita Khrushchev sends weapons to Cuba, including nuclear missiles • JFK warns Soviets that missile attack will trigger war on U.S.S.R. • Soviets avoid confrontation at sea; reach agreement with U.S. • America makes secret promise to remove missiles from Turkey Kennedy and Khrushchev Take the Heat

•...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about History Notes 112
  • United States History Notes Essay
  • History: Notes Essay
  • History Notes Essay
  • history Essay
  • History 1302 Note Essay
  • 1152109653 2005 Ancient History Notes Essay
  • History of Essays

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free