Plymouth- originally headed toward Virginia but strayed off course of and made it to Cape Cod belonged to radical sect of Puritans called the separatist. Started to make their own congregation in England. King James hanged the separatist leaders and many fled to Holland and eventually to America. Taught how to grow corn and catch fish by the Indians. No charter from the English. Own form of government in 1620 not first English colony. Indentured servants- came from England to get higher wages in the new world. Due to Tobacco crop more indentured servants were brought to work during 17th century during the 18th century fewer indentured servants more slaves. Mainly protestant and helped in the Bacon rebellion. Columbian exchange-The term is used to describe the enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after 1492. Many new and different goods were exchanged between the two hemispheres of the Earth, and it began a new revolution in the Americas and in Europe. In 1492, Christopher Columbus' first voyage launched an era of large-scale contact between the Old and the New World that resulted in this ecological revolution: hence the name "Columbian" Exchange. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on earth, bringing destructive diseases that depopulated many cultures, and also circulating a wide variety of new crops and livestock that, in the long term, increased rather than diminished the world human population. Maize and potatoes became very important crops in Eurasia by the 1700s. Peanuts and manioc flourished in tropical Southeast Asian and West African soils that otherwise would not produce large yields or support large populations... John Smith-1608 takes over Jamestown wanted to take over Indians. Good leadership imposed that everything should work unless they will starve Stono Rebellion- slaves in South Carolina in 1739 20 slaves from stono district stole guns and ammunition and killed their owners marched toward Florida. 60 other slaves joined along the way 7 plantations were burned down all of the slaves were killed which led to 1740 slave act restricting slave assembly, education, and movement The Brookes- poster or model of the transatlantic slave trade ship shows amount of space for the people on the ship. Shows insight on how slaves traveled from the Atlantic and what diseases or the atmosphere that they encountered. Anthony Johnson- was a slave that eventually bought his own freedom and was first slave to have a slave. He become a successful tobacco farmer but his land was seized after he died fewer opportunities like Anthony Johnson were available. Virginia Codifies slavery 1662. Cahokia-7 to 10 million in North America largest city until 1744 was an elaborate with public structures and imposing shrines by the Indians residents dispersed after 1400. Gendered division of labor- among the Indians and English settlers differed. Indian women grew crops erected house and did housework. Men hunted and fished in European minds they were perceived lazy. Matrilineal lineage- lives of descent go thru women’s life that is why Pocahontas is not a princess because of her mother not having royal lineage even though her father was chief of the Powathan. Opechancanough- cousin to chief of powatan confederacy born around 1544 captured taken to Spain and became catholic Jesuit priest. Returns to Powatan as military chief kills 1/3 of Jamestown 1622 shot by English in 1646. Symbol of Indian resistance and willingness to die and stop English knew European languages well versed. Squanto- helped the Pilgrims with 1st thanksgiving in 1621 showed the Pilgrims how grow corn and capture fish. The pilgrims found Squanto when half of the colony was dead due to disease. He was captured by English and became a slave recrossed back to...
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