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HIS220 WEEK 2 LECTURE NOTES

What was the first industry of the Industrial Revolution? TEXTILES •What was the biggest innovation of the industrial revolution? ASSEMBLY LINE •What group of immigrants were largely employed by the railroad? CHINESE •What group of people provided many of the technical advances of the Industrial Revolutions? INVENTORS •The role of woman in middle-class families changed from _____ _____ to _____ _____during the Industrial Revolution. INCOME PRODUCER, INCOME CONSUMER

THE ECONOMIC REVOLUJTION: 1820S to 1850S
The Economic Revolution was the beginning of the Industrial Revolution: oTransportation: Canals and Railroads- First canal was the Erie Canal oCommunication: Samual Morse = Telegraph/// Richard Hoe = Journalism- invented Steam powered printer press. oManufacturing: Factories, Mass Production

oBusiness Organization: Corporations, Labor
oPopulation Growth: Immigration, Public Health

TECHNOLOGY
“The great industrial advances owed much to American inventors” (p.249) •1830 – 544 inventions patented
1860 – 4,778 inventions patented
1897 – 22,000 inventions patented
1930 – 1.5 million inventions patented
1839 – Charles Goodyear / tires and rubber
1846 – Elias Howe and Isaac Singer / Singer sewing machine •Samual Slater – went overseas and memorized the way they did there factory planning and ways. •Alexander Graham Bell – Invented the telephone

Thomas Newcomen – Invented the steam engine

IMMIGRANT WORKFORCE
“Almost half the residents of New York City in the 1850s were recent immigrants” (p.239). •Germany and Ireland majority
1852 – 1854 the American party
Cheap labor
Exploited
Chinese and the rail road construction.

ROLE OF WOMAN
The rise of the middle class
Woman remained home
The changing family
Consumerism – leisure, feminine culture
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