What are the triangular indentations used for the script of the Sumerians called?[pic]
Who was Gilgamesh, and which city did he rule?[pic]
Gilgamesh was the King of Uruk. His reputation inspired the Epic of Gilgamesh/5th king of Uruk(2500 BC), reigned 126 yrs/lugal “big man”(leader) wealthy young man, warrior
[pic]Which technologies were used by the earliest Western civilizations? [pic] Stone, wood, leather, and fibers[pic]/ 1st appearance of tools (bone, wood, stone) (Paleolithic “Old Stone Era”)
What conclusions may be drawn from a study of the Iceman and the materials found with him about what he did and what he was most likely to have been? [pic]
He was probably a hunter or a shepherd who was accustomed to spending months each year in the high country. He pulled an arrow out of his skin, causing him to bleed out.[pic]
What common characteristic was shared by primal civilizations in Egypt, Sumer, China, and India?[pic] They sprang up on rivers.
[pic]What is the rich alluvial land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers known as?[pic]
[pic]Historians speculate that the shift from hunting and gathering to farming and herding occurred in the Western world about how many years ago? [pic]8-10,000 years[pic]
One of the earliest works of literature was the epic story of what Sumerian king?[pic]
The main task of the Egyptian pharaoh was to preserve justice and good order - what was this otherwise known as?
What best explains the fact that ancient Egypt left no written law codes? [pic]The pharaoh’s role was not to legislate and devise new rules, but to govern by traditional principles.[pic]
Why have historians begun to doubt that religious life in Sumer really did have the centrality previously attributed to it?[pic] This was an illusion created by the fact that many surviving documents come from temple granaries. It gives insight into the organization and important institution, but does not paint a complete picture of its urban life.[pic]
Which factors were most influential in drawing early settlers to Mesopotamia? [pic]alluvial plains of Euphraties and Tigrus (deep rich soil) and Mesopotamia offered land that was very reliable for harvesting (flooding annually made new water sources)[pic]
What advantages for survival and political stability did Egypt have over Sumeria? [pic]Egypt's "black land" was very fertile (Nile River). (The "Red Land” was crappy) Egypt had limited lateral expansion. It was unified.[pic]
What did the Sumerian King List, compiled by a scribe in 2100 B.C., purport to describe? [pic]A record of all the names of all the kinds who were believed to have reigned in Sumer. Period of 240,000 years. A great flood nearly wiped out humanity following the reign of the 8th king.[pic]
Who was the powerful and influential sixth King of the Babylonian Empire? [pic]Hammurabi. He devoted first 30 years of reign to wars of conquest. Introduced the Code of Hammurabi, which is first established justice[pic]
Which city did the pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom prefer as their capital?[pic] Thebes
[pic]Which peoples brought Egypt's Middle Kingdom to an end?[pic] The Semitic peoples (called Hyskos by Egyptians)
[pic]Why was the pharaoh who built the impressive temple Deir el-Bahri a truly exceptional figure?[pic] She was a Hatshepsut, who cast her stepbrother away, asserted a hereditary right to the throne, and ruled. During her rule, she conducted military trade in Africa and restored trade ties that contributed to Egyptian prosperity.
[pic]How did Amenhotep IV attempt to safeguard the absolute authority of Egyptian royal authority?
He closed down many temples, confiscated the properties, and said that Egypt would worship one God, Aten (the disk of the sun). Only he and his family had blood...
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