1. How was ocean shipping transformed by the mid-nineteenth century? a.There were more efficient, powerful engines.
b.The average size of freighters increased from 200 to 7,500 tons. c.Steel hulls replaced wooden hulls.
d.Propellers replaced paddle wheels.
e.All of these*
2. The "annihilation of time and space," extolled by the public and the press in the late nineteenth century, referred especially to a.the development of aircraft.
b.submarine telegraph cables.
d.the science fiction musings of H. G. Wells.
e.an accurate clock
3. Most railways were built by European or American engineers with equipment from the West. The exception to this was in a.Japan.*
d.the Orient Express.
4. The largest railway network in the world at the end of the nineteenth century was in a.Great Britain.
e.the United States.*
5. Industrial chemistry was a great advantage to Germany at the end of the nineteenth century because Germany a.controlled the sources for the raw materials.
b.was the most innovative nation at that time.
c.allowed the government to support those industries.
d.had the most advanced scientific institutions.*
e.was forbidden to do military research.
6. The most prominent early use of electric current was
a.in steel making.
c.for telegraph systems.
d.in the chemical dye industry.
e.for the electric chair.
7. The negative environmental effects of nineteenth-century industrialization included all of the following except a.smoke and particulate matter polluting the air.
b.large piles of waste product and slag left behind.
c.chemical and dye materials dumped into the rivers.
d.deforestation and reduction of agriculture in areas used instead for mining coal, iron, and limestone. e.depletion of the ozone layer.*
8. By 1900, the nation that controlled the majority of the world's trade and finances was a.Germany.
d.the United States.
9. The increase in the number of Europeans living overseas was largely due to a.a drop in the death rate.*
b.epidemic disease in Europe.
c.famine and starvation.
d.plague spreading in Europe.
e.the abolition of serfdom in Russia.
10. Which of the following is not characteristic of nineteenth-century cities in industrial nations? a.Railroads with regular schedules brought food and commuters into the cities to work. b.Police and fire departments were created.
c.Poverty almost completely disappeared.*
d.City planning was used.
e.Sanitation improved and death rates decreased.
11. The Victorian Age refers to rules of behavior and family wherein a.marriage was an economic contract between male and female. b.men and women began to share equally the duties of child rearing. c.the home was idealized as a peaceful and loving refuge.*
d.male and female children were educated away from the family in boarding schools. e.women were finally encouraged to work outside the home.
12. Late-nineteenth-century Victorian morality dictated that men and women a.belong in factories.
b.belong in comparable social spheres.
c.belong in separate spheres.*
d.should be involved in politics.
e.should be in a competitive relationship.
13. Families were considered middle class only if they
a.had a second home.
c.did not work with their hands.
d.owned their own horses.
e.employed a full-time servant.*
14. When the typewriter and telephone were first used in business in the 1880s, a.businessmen found that they were ideal tools for women workers.* b.only men could use them.
c.they created new jobs for immigrant workers.
d.widespread job losses resulted.
e.they were a failure because people feared new inventions.
15. Why were women considered well suited for teaching jobs? a.Women refused...