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Journal Article Review
Revolutionary Black Nationalism: The Black Panther Party takes an in-depth look into the Black Panther Party as a specific example for revolutionary nationalism and analyzes thoroughly the positive contributions they made as well as the negative aspects of the party. Jessica C. Harris, who was obsessed with the history of the party, did research and wrote the paper. This journal (pages from 409-421) is from The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 86, No. 3. (Summer, 2001). The whole paper embodies author’s broad scope, exquisite writing skills and clear logic in analyzing a controversial topic. Black Nationalism is an ideology that aims at liberating the black from oppression and setting up self-determination for the black. Basically there are two forms of Black Nationalism, Classical Black Nationalism and Contemporary Black Nationalism. Classical Black Nationalism is almost simply in the form of slave revolts. However, Contemporary Black Nationalism can be divided into four parts: educational, religious, cultural as well as revolutionary nationalism. Black Panther Party, one of the most famous revolutionary nationalist organizations, held the belief that the government at that time needed to be reformed to meet the demands for the black. Under the understanding of “socialist perspective”, two young black militants, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party fundamentally for self-defense from racist police oppression and brutality. Their force was expanding ceaselessly. On Jan.1st, 1967, they set up the first official headquarters and after that, they recruited clan members and started to bear arms. When Cleaver joined the party in 1967, this party was in its prime time. Under the leadership of the three, the party moved forward tremendously and developed many other programs that benefited the black. However, the change in fundamental ideology from “liberation” to “class struggle” finally leads to the doom of...
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