In The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemmingway expresses the idea that when one shows honour during struggle, defeat, and even death, one may be rewarded with greatness due to their perseverance. Hemmingway shows this through the character of Santiago, and the journey he goes on. From when he was first introduced, to the moment he caught the fish, and finally when Santiago arrives back home, he showed honour during his finest and most unfavourable moments. • Perceived as a failure from the beginning
• 84 days without a fish, soon break his own record of 87 days • catches fish, 1600 lbs. Marlin,
• killed on the 4th day, this is the climax
• end of the marlin’s life is the most vital of moments • fish comes alive “with his death in him” and exhibits to Santiago, more strongly than ever before, “all his power and his beauty.” • fish transcends his own death because it invests him with a new life. • notion of transcendence is important, for it resounds within Santiago’s story • the old man suffers something of a death on his way back to the village • stripped of his quarry and, given his age, will likely never have the opportunity to land such a magnificent fish again • he returns to the village with his spirit and his reputation revitalized.
“Then the fish came alive, with his death in him, and rose high out of the water showing all his great length and width and all his power and his beauty. He seemed to hang in the air above the old man in the skiff. Then he fell into the water with a crash that sent spray over the old man and over all of the skiff.” “But man is not made for defeat," he said. "A man can be destroyed but not defeated. ” “Let him think that I am more man than I am and I will be so.” “Most people were heartless about turtles because a turtle’s heart will beat for hours after it has been cut up and butchered. But the old man thought, I have such a heart too.” “It's silly not to hope. It's a sin he thought.”
“Fish," he said...
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