Health in Comminities

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 214
  • Published : March 24, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
# 2008 University of South Africa
All rights reserved
Printed and published by the
University of South Africa
Muckleneuk, Pretoria
CMH2602/1/2009±2011
98316532

(iii)

__________________________________
__________________________________

Contents

WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION

(vii)

PART 1: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS IN COMMUNITY HEALTH

1

LEARNING UNIT 1:

2

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

CONCEPTS AND THEORIES/MODELS IN COMMUNITY HEALTH

Introduction
Theoretical thinking as a language
Choosing a theory/model to apply to community health
The dimensions model of community health nursing
Orem's self-care deficit theory of nursing
Neuman's systems model/theory
Pender's health promotion model
Gordon's functional health pattern framework
Conclusion

2
2
3
4
5
8
9
10
11

PART 2: THE INDIVIDUAL AND FAMILY AS CLIENT

13

LEARNING UNIT 2:

14

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10

Introduction
Defining the concept of family
Structure of the family
Types of families
Stages of family development
The family as social system
Cultural values in the family
Family functions
Roles of the family
Conclusion

LEARNING UNIT 3:
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11

THE FAMILY AS CLIENT

ASSESSING FAMILY HEALTH

Introduction
Assessment of the family
The biophysical dimension
The psychological considerations
The physical environmental considerations
The socio-cultural dimension
The behavioural considerations
The health system considerations
Diagnostic reasoning and the family as a client
Planning, implementation and evaluation
Conclusion

14
14
15
16
17
19
20
21
21
21
23
23
23
25
25
27
28
30
31
31
31
32

(iv)

LEARNING UNIT 4: INFANTS FROM BIRTH TO 18 MONTHS
4.1
Introduction
4.2
Definition of child health
4.3
Growth and development during infancy
4.4
Developmental tasks
4.5
Infant nutrition
4.6
Cognitive-perceptual patterns
4.7
Child abuse
4.8
Stress in infancy
4.9
Pathological processes
4.10 Immunisation
4.11 Conclusion

34
34
34
34
35
36
37
37
38
38
38
41

LEARNING UNIT 5: THE TODDLER (18±36 MONTHS)
5.1
Introduction
5.2
Age and physical changes
5.3
Nutrition in toddlers
5.4
Elimination and exercise patterns
5.5
Sleep and rest pattern
5.6
Cognitive-perceptual pattern
5.7
Self-perception-self-concept pattern, roles-relationships pattern, child abuse, sexuality-reproductive pattern, coping with stress, and values and beliefs 5.8
Pathological processes
5.9
Social processes
5.10 Conclusion

43
43
43
44
44
44
45

LEARNING UNIT 6: THE PRE-SCHOOL CHILD
6.1
Introduction
6.2
Age and physical changes
6.3
Cognitive-perceptual patterns
6.4
Self-perception-self-concept pattern, roles-relationships pattern, sexuality-reproductive pattern, coping-stress pattern and values-beliefs pattern 6.5
Pathological processes
6.6
Social processes
6.7
Conclusion

48
48
48
49

LEARNING UNIT 7: THE SCHOOL-AGE CHILD
7.1
Introduction
7.2
Age and physical changes
7.3
Cognitive-perceptual pattern
7.4
Self-perception-self-concept pattern, roles-relationships pattern, sexuality-reproductive pattern, coping-stress pattern and values-beliefs pattern 7.5
Pathological processes and social processes
7.6
Conclusion

52
52
52
53

LEARNING UNIT 8: THE ADOLESCENT
8.1
Introduction
8.2
Age and physical changes: Gordon's functional health patterns 8.3
Gordon's functional health patterns in adolescents
8.4
Pathological processes in the adolescent
8.5
Social processes
8.6
Conclusion

56
56
56
57
58
59
59

45
46
46
46

49
50
50
51

54
55
55

(v)

LEARNING UNIT 9: GENDER HEALTH
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7

Introduction
The status of women
Women's health status
The lesbian/gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) client
Men's health status
The epidemiology of health for gay, bisexual and...
tracking img