Ch.1: Taking Charge of Your Health
* Health: the overall condition of a person’s body or mind and to the presence or absence of illness/injury * Wellness: optimal health and vitality-to living life to its fullest * Health-or some aspects of it can be determined or influenced by factors beyond your control, such as your genes, age, health care system, and care you received as a young child * Determinants of health: Income & social status, Education & literacy, Social environments, Personal healing practices & coping skills, Biology & genetic endowment, Gender, Social support networks, Employment & working condition, Physical environment, Healthy child development, Health services, and Culture. * Wellness involves making conscious decisions to control risk factors (a condition that increases a persons chances of disease/injury) that contribute to disease/injury. * Health promotion (a process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health) as a vehicle for achieving wellness * Physical wellness: Your physical wellness includes not just your body’s overall condition and the absence of disease but also your fitness level and your ability to care for your self * Ex. Eating well, exercise
* Emotional wellness: reflects your ability to understand and deal with your feelings (obstacles, problems, monitoring reactions) * Ex. Optimism, trust, Self-esteem
* Intellectual wellness: An active mind is essential to wellness b/c it detects problems, finds solutions, and directs behavior * Ex. Open to new ideas, questioning, thinking critically * Interpersonal wellness: defined by your ability to develop maintain satisfying and supportive relationships (for physical and emotional health) * Ex. Communication skills, capacity for intimacy
* Spiritual wellness: possess a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values, that give meaning and purpose to your life, especially in difficult times. * Ex. Capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness
* Environmental Wellness: the livability of your surroundings * Ex. Having clean natural resources, recycling
* People have control over whether they develop chronic diseases * Lifestyle choices: A conscious behavior that can increase or decrease a person’s risk of disease or injury; such behaviors include eating a healthy diet, smoking, exercising and others. * If all Canadians improve these areas of their lives, they will better able to achieve their ideal level of wellness, and the nation as a whole will be much healthier * When we talk about health issues for diverse populations we face two related dangers: stereotyping, & overgeneralizing * Health related differences among groups can be identified and described in the context of several different dimensions, well-accepted dimensions are gender ethnicity, income and education, disability, geographic location, and sexual orientation * The WHO defines sex: as the biological and physiological characteristics are related to chromosomes and their effects on reproductive organs and the functioning of the body * Gender: roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. * Some disease are concentrated in certain gene pools, the result of each ethnic group’s relatively distinct history * Ex. Sickle cell disease is most common among people of African ancestry * Income and education: Inequalities in income and education underlie many of the health disparities among Canadians Income and education are closely related, and groups with the highest poverty rates and least education have the worst health status * Disability: have activity limitation, need assistance. People with disabilities are more likely to be inactive and overweight * Geographic location: People living in rural areas have higher death rates and are less likely to be physically active, to use seat belts, or to obtain screening...
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