Health and safety at work act
The Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) 1974 secures the health and safety of people at work. This Act imposes a responsibility to the employer to provide a safe and healthy working environment for all their employees. The employee has a duty to work according to the legislation and provide systems of work that are safe and without risk to health.
Control of Substances Hazardous To Health Regulations 1988
Control of Substances Hazardous To Health Regulations 1988 (COSHH) seeks to control exposure to hazardous substances, such as cleaning products and bleach at the workplace. Under this legislation the employee is responsible for storing (locked fire retardant cupboard), handling (wearing personal protective equipment), using (according to the manufacturers' instructions) and disposing (hazardous waste bag) hazardous substances in correct and safe way. The employer is required to inform and train employees about the risk arising from using hazardous substances and the precautions to be taken to control and prevent the risk.
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 Act states that any accident occurring in the workplace must be recorded on a report form and entered into an accident book which must be available at all times. The accident form should be completed by the employee, first-aider or witness and forwarded to the employer, whose responsibility is to reduce the risk of that accident to happen again.
Personal Protective Equipment Work Regulations (PPE)1992
Personal Protective Equipment Work Regulations 1992 Act states that the employer should provide protective equipment, such as uniform, gloves, mask for the employees at the workplace to protect them from overexposure to different chemical substances. The employee responsibility is to wear PPE when needed, to reduce the risk of disease or injury.
Fire Precautions (Workplace) (Amendment) Regulations 1999
Fire Precautions Act 1999 states that all staff should be trained in fire and emergency evacuation procedures. Thus, the employer is responsible for providing such training. Under this legislation the employer needs to carry out assessment risk in case of fire, which includes type of hazard, location and its elimination. Different types of fire-fighting extinguishers should be available and fire alarms fitted and regularly checked in the workplace. Also an evacuation route should be identified and kept free from obstructions. The employee in case of fire should undertake actions according to the fire precautions regulations, he should ensure that he knows what to do, where to go when the evacuation begins (location of fire-fighting extinguishers, fire bell and fire exit).
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Electricity at Work Regulations (EAWR) Act stands for the employer's responsibility to ensure that electrical equipment is portable appliance tested (PAT) once per year by a qualified electrician. The employees' responsibility is to use electrical equipment correctly, and check if it is safe for use. All electrical faults should be reported to the employer immediately and the employee cannot fix the equipment by himself under any circumstances.
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations requires from employer to assess the first aid requirements within the workplace. Employer is required to carry out an assessment of first-aid needs. This involves consideration of workplace hazards and risks, the size of the organisation and other relevant factors, to determine what first-aid equipment, facilities and personnel should be provided. The employee who has been trained as first-aider should take charge of first aid arrangements, including...