polytheism-believed in many gods
example: Zeus, Athena, Jupiter, Venus, Mars, etc.
Did things to please their gods
such as festivals and sacrifices
monotheism-believed in one god,
they did things because they were right (morals)
Laws & Individualism (Greco Roman & Judeo-Christian)
Greco-Roman: Draco had laws for Athens and Rome had twelve tables. Judeo-Christian: had ten commandments
Both believed in: moral behavior, no lying, cheating, stealing ,etc. both allowed capital punishment and trial by court appearance. Duties: Greco-Roman: stressed individual heroism
Judeo-Christian: spread faith and honor god before everything else
Great Ancient Greek Philosophers Plato and Aristotle:
Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, and founder of the Academy in Athens. Plato's philosophy was based on the idea that reality exists only in the immaterial world.
a. He founded a philosophical school, the Academy, to ask how to create the ideal polis.
b. In The Republic, Plato sought to define the ideal polis. It concerned the definition of justice and the order and character of the just city-state and the just man
c. Believed that a wise philosopher king should rule selflessly. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory
Aristotle's range of philosophical inquiry was staggering.
a. He wrote about the ideal polis in his book Politics and criticized Plato.
b. He developed a new school of scientific discussion based on the syllogism; he often discussed topics with students in the "peripatos" manner (discussing while walking).
c. In his books Physics and Metaphysics he developed a theory of nature based on the four principles of matter, form, movement, and...