Good housekeeping is a vital factor in preventing accidents. The great majority of all work accidents are caused during the handling of goods or materials, and by people falling, being hit by falling objects, or striking against objects in the workplace. All these causes can be reduced by good housekeeping practices—in fact, good housekeeping is the only cure for hundreds of accidents that occur.
Good industrial housekeeping:.
* Eliminates accident and fire causes
* Saves energy by eliminating the need to work "around" congested areas and "deadwood" stored in the work area * Provides the best use of space
* Keeps inventory of materials to a minimum
* Helps control property damage
* Guarantees a good workplace appearance
* Encourages better working habits
* Reflects an image of a well-run operation
* Reduces the amount of cleanup and janitorial work
Elements of a good housekeeping campaign
The following are the basic elements of a good housekeeping campaign that need attention: Aisles—Wide enough for traffic movements, marked off by floor lines from work positions and storage areas. Space—Sufficient room for the individual to work.
Storage—Adequate and convenient space for materials and tools. Materials Handling—Layout planned for materials flow, with efficient methods and equipment. Ventilation—Good general ventilation plus local exhaust ventilation to remove air contaminants at the source. Floors and Walls—Of construction and materials that are easy to keep clean and in good repair. Lighting—Well-distributed artificial light and effective use of available daylight. Amenities—Clean, up-to-date washrooms and lockers for clothing. A clean, inviting lunch room for employees to eat their meals. Waste Removal—Adequate facilities to prevent congestion and disorder. Let us look at some of these elements in detail. KEEP AISLES CLEAR: Aisle space should be reserved for the movement of personnel, products and materials. It should be kept clean and clear and should never be used for “bottleneck” or “overflow’’ storage. This also applies to passageways and emergency exits. Blind corners should be eliminated or be adequately protected by warning signs. Aisle boundary markings should be drawn to show clearly the space which has been reserved for traffic. Markings should be sufficiently wide (say a minimum of 30 mm) and of a colour to make them clearly visible. Paint or durable plastic strips can be used. IMPROVE STORAGE FACILITIES: Tidiness and order are essential in overcoming storage problems, both in storerooms and in the yard. Good storage utilises air space instead of floor space, and also saves time-wasting delays. It’s important to prevent stores and scraps accumulating on the floor and around machines. Never keep more stores and materials than necessary near machines and provide proper facilities (such as bins, shelves, boxes, racks, etc.) in which to store them. KEEP FLOORS CLEAN: Every year thousands of work injuries are caused by people falling. Floor conditions are responsible for many of these accidents. When floors are given the right treatment they are much easier to keep clean and hygienic. Spilt oil and other liquids should be cleaned up at once. Chips, shavings, dust, and similar wastes should never be allowed to accumulate. They should be removed frequently, or better still, be suitably trapped before they reach the floor.
PAINT THE WALLS: Paint is one of the cheapest means of renovating walls, and a fresh coat of paint can give a boost to morale. Light-coloured walls reflect light. Dirty or dark-coloured walls absorb light. Dirty walls have a depressing effect and encourage dirty habits and sloppy attitudes. Choose suitable colours to paint walls, ceilings and working surfaces. See that the paintwork is cleaned down periodically. Colour can be harnessed to assist with safety. For example it can be used to warn of physical hazards and to mark...