Globlization and Its Impact on Organisation Behaviour

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The study of Organizational Behaviour (OB) is very interesting and challenging too. It isrelated to individuals, group of people working together in teams. The study becomes morechallenging when situational factors interact. The study of organizational behaviour re-lates to the expected behaviour of an individual in the organization. No two individualsare likely to behave in the same manner in a particular work situation. It is the predict-ability of a manager about the expected behaviour of an individual. There are no absolutesin human behaviour. It is the human factor that is contributory to the productivity hencethe study of human behaviour is important. Great importance therefore must be attachedto the study. Researchers, management practitioners, psychologists, and social scientistsmust understand the very credentials of an individual, his background, social framework,educational update, impact of social groups and other situational factors on behaviour.Managers under whom an individual is working should be able to explain, predict, evalu-ate and modify human behaviour that will largely depend upon knowledge, skill andexperience of the manager in handling large group of people in diverse situations. Pre-emptive actions need to be taken for human behaviour forecasting. The value system,emotional intelligence, organizational culture, job design and the work environment areimportant causal agents in determining human behaviour. Cause and effect relationshipplays an important role in how an individual is likely to behave in a particular situationand its impact on productivity. An appropriate organizational culture can modify indi-vidual behaviour. Recent trends exist in laying greater stress on organizational develop-ment and imbibing a favourable organizational culture in each individual. It also involvesfostering a team spirit and motivation so that the organizational objectives are achieved.There is a need for commitment on the part of the management that should be continuousand incremental in nature. The scope of the organizational behaviour is as under:( a

)Impact of personality on performance(
b
)Employee motivation(
c
)Leadership(
d
)How to create effective teams and group

4
O
RGANIZATIONAL
B
EHAVIOUR
(
e
)Study of different organizational structures(
f
)Individual behaviour, attitude and learning(
g
)Perception(
h
)Design and development of effective organization(
i
)Job design(
j
)Impact of culture on organizational behaviour(
k
)Management of change(
l
)Management of conflict and stress(
m
)Organizational development(
n
)Organizational culture(
o
)Transactional analysis(
p
)Group behaviour, power and politics(
q
)Job design(
r
)Study of emotionsThe field of the organizational behaviour does not depend upon deductions based ongut feelings but attempts to gather information regarding an issue in a scientific mannerunder controlled conditions. It

uses information and interprets the findings so that thebehaviour of an individual and group can be canalized as desired. Large number of psychologists, social scientists and academicians have carried out research on variousissues related to organization behaviour. Employee performance and job satisfaction aredeterminants of accomplishment of individual and organizational goals.Organizations have been set up to fulfill needs of the people. In today’s competitiveworld, the organizations have to be growth-oriented. This is possible when productivity isensured with respect to quantity of product to be produced with zero error quality. Employeeabsenteeism and turnover has a negative impact on productivity. Employee who absentsfrequently cannot contribute towards productivity and growth of the organization. In thesame manner, employee turnover causes increased cost of production. Job satisfaction isa major factor to analyse performance of an individual towards his work. Satisfied workersare productive workers who contribute towards...
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