1.1 Background of The Study
For every human, language is one important things to communicate to each other. Because language is one media to make one relationship and know the other people by the communication.
There are many language in the world. One of that is English as international language. English is the one of international language because of almost the people in the world know English as a second language after their mother language. English have rules to make communication better in usage. Better in oral and writing. We can say the rules as the grammar. Grammar is the rules in the English. Gerund is one of part in grammar.
1.2 Scope of the Study
This study describes one kind of grammar and it is gerund. To make it easy understanding.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1. To find out and classify the function of gerunds.
2. To find out the most dominant the function of gerunds.
1.4 Significance of the Study
1. To enrich knowledge about gerunds
2. To help the readers understanding about gerunds
3. To know what the dominant of gerunds in Jakarta Post Newspaper used.
2.1 Meaning of gerund
According to Drs. Hariyono Rudy is a word that is used or functioning as a noun. Or it can also be said that the gerund is a verb that make to be a noun (verbal noun).
According to Drs. John S. Hartono and friend gerund is a verb-ing form used as a noun.
According to A. Ghani Johan is a form of the verb + ing that serves as an object, usually describe the process. Therefore gerund functions can occupy the subject, object, complement or description. Example:
-Fishing makes me very happy .
fishing here is a subject.
- You Should finish reading it before he comes.
Reading is a gerund functioning as an object.
- My hobby is singing
Singing here serves as a description.
2.2 The form and characteristics of gerunds