Conjecture= educated guess based on specific observations; a conclusion reached through inductive reasoning Inductive Reasoning= a type of reasoning that reaches conclusions based on a pattern of specific examples or past events Conditional= if->then statements

If= hypothesis
Then= conclusion
P= abbreviation for hypothesis
Q= abbreviation for conclusion
P->Q= read as “p implies q”
Counterexample= an example showing that a statement is false Venn Diagram= can be used to illustrate a conditional
“True” & “False”= truth values
Converse= hypothesis and conclusion of the conditional are flipped/exchanged(if q, then p) Inverse= negate the conditional (if NOT p, then NOT q)
Contrapositive= negate the converse (if not q, then not p)
Biconditional= joining the conditional and the converse with the words if and only if Iff= abbreviation for “if and only if”
Deductive Reasoning= reasoning based on fcat
In geometry, we use definitions, postulates, theorums, and given information to support the statements we make. Law of Detachment= IF the hypothesis of a true conditional is true, then the conclusion is true. Example: If a vehicle is a car, then it has four wheels. A sedan is a car. Conclusion based on Law of Detachment: A sedan has four wheels. Rule for Law of Detachment= if even one counterexample can be provided against the conclusion created, there is not correct conclusion. Law if Syllogism= if p->q is true, and q->r is true, then p->r is true. With this law, you are basically leaping over the “q” to reach a conclusion. Example: If you are a careful driver, then you do not text while driving. (p= you are a careful driver & q= you do not text while driving) If you do not text while driving, then you will have fewer accidents. (q= you do not text while driving & r= you will have fewer accidents) Conclusion= If you are a careful driver, then you will have fewer accidents. (p->r) Addition Property of Equality= if a = b, then a + c = b + c

...same line coplanar points-points that lie on the same plane point-has no dimension line-extends in 1 direction plane-extends in 2 dimensions postulate/axioms-rules accepted w/o proof .
POSTULATE 2 – SEGMENT ADDITION POSTULATE. IF B IS BETWEEN A AND C THEN AB+BC=AC. IF AB+BC=AC THEN B IS BETWEEN A AND C DISTANCE FORMULA (X2-X1)2+(Y2-Y1)2 Angle-consists of 2 diff rays that have the same initial angle...

...
JTG- Ch.2
Euclid’s Proof of the Pythagorean Theorem
Century and a half between Hippocrates and Euclid.
Plato esteemed geometry to be the entrance to his Academy.
Let no man ignorant of geometry enter here.
“Logical scandal” Theorems were believed to be correct as stated but they lacked the material to prove them.
Euclid’s Elements was said to become the staple of mathematics or the standard.
13 books, 465 propositions (not all Euclid...

...Chp. 4 Biology StudyGuide
Page 1
8/30/2011
BIOLOGY STUDYGUIDECHAPTER 4– THE CHEMICAL BASIS OF LIFE Matter = anything that takes up space and has mass (major types of matter = solid, liquid, and gas) Any type of matter is made of one or more elements. o Element = a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by regular chemical processes. (examples: gold, silver, mercury, etc.) There are...

...Test 1 Review Questions Chapter2
59-61: 1-6, 8-9, 13-14, 17-19, 24-25a, 29-30, 35-42
63: 1-7, 12
Pg. 59-60
1. How does quantitative information differ from qualitative information? Quantitative is numerical and Qualitative is descriptive.
2. What is a hypothesis? An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or observations and that can be tested.
3. a. What is a model in the scientific sense? A pattern, plan,...

...1. What nursing action is required b4 you measure fundal height= empty bladder full bladder make the fundal height higher.
2. What should a nurse do to prevent heat loss from evaporation= dry them up and remove the wet linen.
3. Child with cephalohematoma. What condition is associated with cephalohemetoma = jaundice
4. Why do we perform gestational age in a baby= to identify developmental level
5. What kind of exam do we perform to access for gestational age = ballot score...

...GeometryStudyGuide
Test 11
Ration: The quotient of two quantities which are measured in the same unit.
Proportion: Two equal ratios.
1. Theorem: In a proportion the product of the means equals to the product of the extemes.
a:b = c:d
- b and c are the means.
-a and d are extremes.
Theorems
2. If a line parallel to one side of a triangle cuts off of a triangle that is similar to the original.
3. If 2...

... 2a SG (p. 40-49)
“Natives who beat drums to drive off evil spirits are objects of scorn to smart Americans who blow horns to break up traffic jams.” - Mary Ellen Kelly
1. What nation is the most multicultural in the world? Why is that?
2. What is culture? How does it differ from human nature?
3. Describe specific cultural patterns or practices in the U.S. that might shock people living in other parts of the world? Explain why?
4. Do you agree with the...

...from the rest of the world which caused very few conflicts to occur with other early civilizations. However due to this separation from other civilizations, China did not have as much influence in technology or culture from other civilizations.
2. What is the most ancient philosophy in China?
The most ancient philosophy accepted in China is called Dao which was the appreciation of a balanced life without excess of anything.
PATTERNS IN CLASSICAL CHINA
3. What kind...