Gbl395 Exam1 Review Sheet

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GBL
 395
 EXAM
 #1
 -­‐
 TOPICS
 
 
  Jurisdiction
  -­‐Power,
 authority
  • Impersonal:
 
 on
 person
 
  • In
 rem:
 on property
  -­‐Basically
 establish
 the
 current
 USA,
 the
 central
 gov.
  -­‐Majority
 of
 power
 belongs
 to
 states;
 empower
 national
 gov.
 with
  certain
 authority
 
  Federal
 Court
 System
  -­‐Administers
 cases
 under
 the
 federal
 laws.
  -­‐Separate
 court
 systems
 to
 :
  • Criminal
  • Civil
  -­‐Includes:
  •
 Trial
 courts
 (94
 District
 courts)-­‐
 determination
 of
 facts
  • Courts
 of
 Appeals
 (geographic-­‐based:
 12
 regional
 circuit
  courts
 of
 appeals)
  • Supreme
 Court
 
 
 
 2%
 
  State
 Court
 System
  • District
 court
 (handles
 most
 Traffic
 violations+
 less/equal
 to
  $25000+landlord
 tenant
 matter+
 all
 misdemeanor
 criminal
  cases;
 higher/lower
 level)
  o Small
 claims
 court:
 up
 to
 $5000.
 No
 appeal;
 no
 lawyer
  • State
 Circuit
 (is
 the
 trial
 court
 with
 the
 BROADEST
 POWERS
  in
 MI;
 more
 than
 25000
 +
 all
 CRIMINAL
 cases
 where
  defendants
 could
 be
 sent
 to
 prison
 )
 
 
 MI
 has.
  • Court
 of
 Appeal
  • Supreme
 court
 
  Felony
  -­‐One
 type
 of
 defense
 to
 settle
 Criminal
 cases
  -­‐Max
 punishment
 EXCEED
 1
 yr
 in
 jail.
 (12
 ppl
 jury)
 


  Misdemeanor
  -­‐Criminal
 infraction,
 less
 offense
  -­‐Difference
 b/t
 Felony:
 the
 punishment
  -­‐Max:
 1
 yr
 in
 jail
 (6ppl
 jury)
 
  Separation
 of
 Powers
  -­‐The
 separate
 powers
 of
 federal
 and
 state
 gov.
  -­‐Federal
 gov=Executive+
 judiciary+
 legislative
 (each
 has
 separate
  and
 independent
 powers
 and
 areas
 of
 responsibility)
  -­‐Objective:
 no
 one
 branch
 has
 more
 power
 than
 the
 other.
 
  Police
 Powers
  -­‐Powers
 that
 STATE
 reserve
 for
 themselves
 after
 empowering
  national
 gov.
 (in
 order
 to
 benefit
 themselves)
  -­‐Are
 decided
 on
 the
 state
 law
 level
 
  Venue
  -­‐Where
 within
 the
 jurisdiction
 the
 case
 would
 be
 held.
  -­‐What
 court
 system
 will
 be
 held
 for
 the
 case?
  -­‐Plaintiff
 decide
 where
 the
 lawsuit
 is
 filed.
 
  Statute 法令
 of
 Limitations
  -­‐max
 time
 after
 an
 event
 that
 legal
 proceedings
 based
 on
 that
 event
  may
 be
 initiated.
  -­‐Begin
 when
 a
 cause
 of
 action
 is
 deemed
 to
 have
 arisen
 OR
 a
  plaintiff
 had
 reason
 to
 know
 the
 harm.
 (not
 original
 event)
  -­‐Bar
 action
 arises
 more
 than
 specified
 #
 of
 years
  ● Wait
 too
 long,
 lost
 action
  ● File
 a
 lawsuit
 b4
 it
 is
 gone
 forever
  ● All
 TIMES
 of
 civil/criminal
 have
 this
  ● MURDER
 is
 the
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