1. The origins of the majority of human existence in North America began
with migrations from Eurasia over the Bering Strait.
2. The first truly complex society in the Americas was that of the
3. Cahokia was a large trading center located near what present-day city?
4. The agricultural practices of pre-Columbian tribes in the Northeast were characterized by
a rapid exploitation of the land.
5. The preeminent European maritime power in the fifteenth century was
6. Christopher Columbus
thought the world was much smaller than it was in reality.
7. Amerigo Vespucci
helped popularize the idea that the Americas were new continents.
8. What European explorer gave the Pacific Ocean its name?
9. Encomienda was
the right to exact tribute and labor from natives.
10. The first permanent Spanish settlement in what is now the United States was
11. In what way did sixteenth-century Europeans benefit from trade between the Americas and Europe?
A large number of new crops became available in Europe.
12. Which of the following was NOT introduced by Europeans to the New World?
13. The portion of west Africa that provided the majority of slaves for the Spanish Empire of the sixteenth century had well-developed economies and political systems.
14. African and American Indian societies tended to be matrilineal, which means that
people traced their...
1. The English colonists of Jamestown initially focused most on
searching for gold.
2. The first important economic boom in Jamestown resulted from
the production of tobacco.
3. When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619,
colonists were given a share of local political representation.
4. The first Africans imported to Virginia in 1619
were most likely indentured servants.
5. The Virginia Company
had its charter revoked by James I.
6. In which area of technology were Indians more advanced than the Virginia colonists?
7. Which of the following is true of Bacon's rebellion?
It spelled the demise of the Virginia Company.
It forced the royal governor of Virginia to resign.
It spread throughout several colonies.
It carried on for several years.
It was a consequence of the indentured servant system.
8. In 1608, Puritan Separatists who wished to leave England
could not legally do so.
9. In 1620, the Puritan Pilgrims who came to North America
were Christian missionaries.
10. Compared to King James I, King Charles I's treatment of Puritans was
11. The Puritan merchants who founded the Massachusetts Bay Company
carried out the largest single migration in the seventeenth century.
12. The Massachusetts Bay Puritans
created a colonial "theocracy".
13. The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a "city upon a hill"
felt they were creating a...
...Exam 1 Review
Your preparation for Exam 1, should include a thorough review of the following areas:
Ch. 1 – Developing a Business Mindset
Understanding what businesses do
How businesses add value (Exhibit 1, p. 3)
The relationship between risk and reward (Exhibit 2, p. 5)
The 3 major types of businesses—not-for-profit; goods-producing; service-producing
The Role of Business in Society and potential positive and negative effects (Exhibit 4, p. 8)
The 5 major environments that businesses operate in and their importance
The business mindset (Exhibit 3, p. 7)
The 6 major functional areas of a business and their purpose
Ch. 15 – Business Analytics
Definition of business analytics
Purposes/uses of business analytics
Types (scope) of analytics: Descriptive, Predictive, Prescriptive
Nature of decision models: Descriptive, Predictive, Prescriptive
Steps in the problem solving/decision making process (pgs. 392-394)
Ch. 13 – Financial Information and Accounting Concepts
What accounting is; financial vs. management accounting and bookkeeping vs. accounting
Private vs. Public accountants
Rules of accounting—GAAP and IFRS
Double-entry bookkeeping and matching principle
Identify the essential characteristics of effective accounting information: What information is contained in the Balance Sheet, the...
International Financial Management
(print your name)
Show all work and explain answers fully
Currently is the exchange rate between the German mark and French franc fixed? The
first word of your answer should either be “yes” (it is fixed) or “no” (it is not fixed) and
then explain your answer.
Currently is the exchange rate between the German march and Japanese Yen fixed? The
first word of your answer should be either "yes” (it is fixed) or “no” (it is not fixed) and
then explain your answer.
3. How could country A use SDRs to intervene in the exchange rate market? What should
happen to the value of country A’s currency?
What is an (outright ) foreign exchange transaction?
What does it mean to peg a currency to another currency? Why would a country
Suppose the current exchange rate is DM 1.4/$. Estimate the DM/$ exchange rate
four years from now assuming that in the U.S. (Germany) are 6%. (4%) p.a.
inflation rates stay constant each year
How reliable is your estimate. Explain carefully?
What does it mean to say that a currency is fully convertible?
Given the following exchange rates
Is arbitrage possible? Start your answer with either “yes’ (it is possible) or “no” (it
Cell Transport Mechanisms and Permeability
Name: Jeffery Cook
Lab Time/Date: 12pm 2/09/2015
Activity 1 Simulating Dialysis (Simple Diffusion)
1. Describe two variables that affect the rate of diffusion.
a. Two variables that affect the rate of diffusion are size and whether or not there is an electrical or concentration gradient.
2. Why do you think the urea was not able to diffuse through the 20 MWCO membrane? How well did the results compare with your prediction?
a. My prediction was incorrect. I think the urea was not able to diffuse through the 20 MWCO membrane because the molecular weight of urea is about 60. This means it is above the molecular weight cut off and cannot diffuse.
3. Describe the results of the attempts to diffuse glucose and albumin through the 200 MWCO membrane. How well did the results compare with your prediction?
a. The glucose was able to diffuse because its molecular weight was less than 200, while the albumin was much larger than 200 and could not diffuse. My prediction was wrong as I originally thought that the MW of glucose was higher than 200.
4. Put the following in order from smallest to largest molecular weight: glucose, sodium chloride, albumin, and urea.
a. The molecular weight from smallest to greatest is Sodium Chloride, Urea, Glucose, Albumin.
Activity 2 Simulated Facilitated Diffusion
1. Explain one way in which facilitated diffusion is the same as simple diffusion...
...Band 7 collateral questions:
Macro Nutrients: Substance required in relatively large amounts by living organisms, in particular
● Carbohydrates: Polysaccharides, glycogen, fiber, starch.
● Protein, Fats, Water.
● *Sugar can be addictive and changes brain chemistry & is a gateway drug.
Micro Nutrients: Chemical element or substance required in trace amounts for the normal growth and
development of living organisms
● Vitamins: Organic (Carbon & Hydrogen)
● Minerals: Inorganic
Types of Monosaccharide:Any of class of sugars that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a simpler sugar
● Galactose: Sugar of the hexose class that is a constituent of lactose and many polysaccharides
(never occurs naturally in nature)
● Glucose: Simple sugar, energy source in living organisms, composed of many carbohydrates
● Fructose: Hexose sugar found especially in honey and fruit
Disaccharides: Any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain 2 monosaccharide residues
● Sucrose: compound that is the chief component of cane or beet sugar (Fructose + Glucose)
● Maltose: Sugar produced by the breakdown of starch. (glucose + Glucose)
● Lactose: Sugar present in milk. (Glucose + Galactose)
Polysaccharides: Carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded
Glycogen: Glycogen is a polysaccharide composed of glucose manufactured in the body and stored in ...
...which remain negative due to intracellular pH and keep the inside of the cell membrane negative. 3. Why don’t the terms depolarization and action potential mean the same thing?
What is the difference between membrane irritability and membrane conductivity?
5. Why does a nerve’s action potential increase slightly when you add 1.0 V to the threshold voltage and stimulate the nerve?
6. If you were to spend a lot of time studying nerve physiology in the laboratory, what type of stimulus would you use, and why?
7. Why does the addition of sodium chloride elicit an action potential?
8. What was the effect of ether on eliciting an action potential?
9. Does the addition of ether to the nerve cause any permanent alteration in neural response?
10. What was the effect of curare on eliciting an action potential?
11. Explain the reason for your answer to Question 10.
12. What was the effect of lidocaine on eliciting an action potential?
13. What is the relationship between size of a nerve and conduction velocity?
14. Keeping your answer to Question 13 in mind, draw an analogy between the nerves in the human body and electrical wires.
15. Hypothesize what types of animals would have the fastest conduction velocities.
16. How does myelination affect nerve conduction velocity? Explain.
17. In the nerve conduction velocity...
2015SP-BIOL-1408-43440 Biology for Non-Science Majors I_Pebble Barbero
Cheating Question – I acknowledge I won’t cheat.
You expose the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus to low levels of antibiotic methicillin. The
surviving bacteria are then exposed to higher concentrations of methicillin and the process
repeated until a strain of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was generated. To test your
hypothesis, you perform an experiment by spreading the original strain of S. aureus and the
MRSA strain onto agar plates containing doses of methicillin used in the hospital, and only the
MSRA survives. MRSA infections occur in humans (homo sapiens). Homo sapiens are in which
You notice over the past month, many students on campus have started wearing a new syle of
school sweatshirt. You think to yourself that perhaps the bookstore has recently started selling
this new sweatshirt. This is an example of___A Hypothesis.
An ecosystem would include all of the following except __ A Biosphere.
To be scientifically valid, a hypothesis must be ___ testable and falsifiable.
In an experiment, which of the following is NOT generally a true statement? __ The smaller the
sample size the more meaningful the results.
In an experiment designed to determine if a fertilizer increased crop yield in tomato plants, the
number of tomatoes produced by each plant would be the independent variable. __FALSE.