Fsw 261

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 72
  • Published : April 29, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
1. Gendered identities
a. Basic overview and definitions
i. Gender—attitudes and behaviors expected and associated with being ‘male’ or ‘female’ ii. Sex—male and female physiology
iii. Gender identity—the degree to which an individual sees herself or himself as feminine or masculine based on society’s definitions of appropriate gender roles iv. Gender scripts—set of expectations regarding gender appropriate behavior-socially constructed and internalized v. Androgyny is the social and psychological condition by which individuals think. Feel, act and behave both instrumentally and expressively. vi. Sexism—involves prejudice and discrimination based on gender 1. ‘old fashioned’ or traditional sexism

a. Believing that women’s roles should be confined to family roles b. Believing that women are not as fit as men for certain tasks or for leadership 2. Modern sexism—denying that gender discrimination persists and believing that women are asking too much now b. Stereotypical gender expectations in the US

vii. ‘male’ traits are agentic or instrumental
3. Confident
4. Ambitious
5. Independent
6. Competitive
7. Assertive
8. Achievement oriented
viii. Stereotypical ‘female’ traits are communal or expressive 9. Warmth
10. Sensitivity/tenderness
11. Empathy
12. Placing concern about others’ welfare above self-interest c. Cultural messages/scripts
ix. Masculinities—how do men demonstrate their male identity following cultural messages/scripts 13. No sissy stuff—men are expected to distance themselves from anything feminine 14. Big wheel—men are expected to be occupationally successful 15. Given’ em hell—men are expected to defeat, humiliate, and seek adventure 16. Liberated male—allows men to be emotionally sensitive and expressive x. Femininities—how do women express their feminine identity following cultural messages/scripts 17. His helpmate—women are expected to be attentive, good listeners, and facilitators of their husband’s accomplishments 18. Good mother—women are expected to put the needs of their family and children before their own 19. Professional woman—recent option that allows for a successful career, independence, ambition and self-confidence 20. Strong black woman—message that combines independence, assertiveness, employment and good parenting and child-rearing 21. Superwoman—recent expectation that women are to be great mothers and also attain career success 22. Satisfied single—emerging option for women is to be happy in remaining single d. To what extent do individual women and men follow cultural/societal expectations xi. Today, many men and women overlap in their masculine and feminine qualities xii. Depending on the situation, males and females may or may not act according to cultural expectations xiii. Differences among women or among men are usually greater than the differences between men and women xiv. Individual differences

23. Gender traits are not necessarily mutually exclusive 24. Cultural expectations may be situational
25. About half of Americans actually see themselves as having both instrumental and expressive traits e. Gender similarities and differences
xv. Males and females differ little on basic traits and abilities xvi. However, the opportunities available in the social structure affect options available to both xvii. The gender similarities hypothesis

26. Males and females are similar on most, but not all psychological variables 27. Three main gender...
tracking img