Read full document

Fsdfsdf

By | July 2013
Page 1 of 9
Baranganic Period

Social Structure
1. Nobility – Maharlika
2. Freemen – Timawa
3. Serfs – Aliping namamahay
4. Slaves – Aliping sagigilid

Barangay
- A unit of social organization that is broader than the family’s political, economic and religious features.

Datu/Rajah/Sultan
- exercise all the powers of government including the religious power - he is assisted by the Pandays and Babaylans together with the council of elders in instituting reforms and development.

Judicial process (composed of the council of elders)
- arbitration is the common ways of resolving disputes - Public trial (“May the crocodile eat me if I tell a lie. May the lightning strike me if I tell my falsehood”). - Trial by ordeal – to show that God with His infinite wisdom, protect the innocent and punish the guilty (e.g., ordeal by wrestling or “bultong” in fugao)

Religious belief
- people worship according to the dictate of their conscience. The priest (Katalona) or the Priestesses (Babaylan) performed sacrifices. Example: Canao Economic and standard of living
- agriculture and trade
Education
- Father trained his son to be hunters, builders, etc. - Mother trained her daughter do household task.

Spanish Colonization

End of the reconquestas (wars against the moors) 1492
• Paved the way for the great voyages including the discovery of the New World (America) for Spain • Purtagal and Spain – two keen rivals in colonizing new lands because of gold, spices, and other merchandise found in the orient, as well as their religious zeal to proselyte the native. • Pope Alexander VI – issued a “papal bull” or “Inter Caetera”, a decree to settle the rivalry giving the west to Spanish zone for exploration and all lands East to Portugal. • Magellan (Portuguese) – conceived the idea of a passage to the west or around south America to reach Moluccas or Spice Islands following the wind...

Rate this document

What do you think about the quality of this document?

Share this document

Let your classmates know about this document and more at Studymode.com