ISSN 1450-2267 Vol.30 No.2 (2012), pp. 339-351
© EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2012
A Study on the Impact of Occupational Stress among
Teachers on Job Satisfaction and Job
Involvement – An Empirical Study
Associate Professor, Directorate of Online and Distance Education (DODE) Anna University of Technology, Coimbatore 47, Tamil Nadu, India E-mail: email@example.com
Assistant Professor, Sengunthar B School for Women, Tiruchengode Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India
This study focus on finding out the impact of occupational stress among teachers on job satisfaction and job involvement in selective engineering colleges affiliated to Anna University Trichy. The researcher has used descriptive research design. For conducting the study 422 samples were collected out of 2065 teachers. Here the researcher has used stratified random sampling to collect the samples from the universe. For collecting the data researcher has used questionnaire. Finally the researcher analysed the data using spss 14.0 version and found that there is a considerable level of impact of stress on job satisfaction and job involvement among teachers.
Keywords: Stress, Impact, Job Involvement, Job Satisfaction
Stress is difficult to define precisely. The concept of stress was first introduced in the life sciences by Selye Hans in 1936. It was derived from the Latin word ‘stringere’; it meant the experience of physical hardship, starvation, torture and pain. Selye Hans, 1974 defined stress as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand placed upon it”. Stephen Robbins (1999) defined stress as “a dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint or demand related to what he / she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both uncertain and important.” Many people still get confused about pressure and stress, yet there’s a great deal of difference between the two. We all experience pressure on a daily basis, and need it to motivate us and enable us to perform at our best – ask any athlete or actor. However, if we experience too much pressure without the opportunity to recover, we feel unable to cope and stress is the result. HSE defines stress as, ‘An adverse reaction a person has to excessive pressures or other types of demands placed upon them.’ Given an excess of pressure, stress can therefore happen to anyone, and should not be seen as a weakness. Instead, an individual needs to be helped to deal with these pressures. Claxton (1989) indicated that teaching is an occupation which is always demanding and changing. Stress has physical and emotional effects on us and can create positive or negative feelings. 339
European Journal of Social Sciences – Volume 30, Number 2 (2012) As a positive influence, stress can help compel us to action; it can result in a new awareness and an exciting new perspective. As a negative influence, it can result in feelings of distrust, rejection, anger, and depression, which in turn can lead to health problems such as headaches, upset stomach, rashes, insomnia, ulcers, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Stress is the “wear and tear” our bodies experience as we adjust to our continually changing environment. According to Hans Selye, a pioneer researcher in stress reaction, “stress is the human response to changes that occur as a part of daily living.” “Stress comes from any situation or circumstance that requires behavioral adjustment. Any change, either good or bad, is stressful, and whether it’s a positive or negative change, the physiological response is the same” (Lazarus, 2000). Stress reactions may result when people are exposed to risk factors at work. Reactions may be emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and/or physiological in nature. When stress reactions...