Any psychology used in the legal system
some one who express opinion on a topic
used to share there expertise in the field
can only testify on topics they have seen
Friend of the court"
legal opinion submitted by someone who is not related with the case but belived to have expert knowledge regarding the topic Brandeis Brief
"Friend of the court"
legal opinion submitted by someone who is not related with the case but belived to MMPI
the mmpi is composed of 550 questions that are true false the MMPi identifies between psychosis and neurosis
psychosis is missing the in touch with reality
neurosis is like anxiety and depression
most important traits is paranoia hypomania and psychopathic deviate psychopathic deviate = sociopath
Developed specifically for law enforcement candidates
Shows better predictive abilities than the MMPI
Use with the MMPI is even a better predictor
Most significant scales measured trouble with the law, previous job problems, involvement with drugs Dual Relationship (why is it bad?)
know some one outside of a clinical relationship
the purpose was to re unite the police with the community “the extension of the police-community relations concept which envisions an effective working partnership between the police and members of the community in order to solve problems which concern both” often communities would initiate several changes at one and, hence, not be able to evaluate the separate impact of each” FFDE
Fitness for duty
A psychological FFDE is a formal, specialized examination of an incumbent employee that results from (1) objective evidence that the employee may be unable to safely or effectively perform a defined job and (2) a reasonable basis for believing that the cause may be attributable to psychological factors The central purpose of an FFDE is to determine whether the employee is able to safely and effectively perform his or her essential job functions. May be necessitated by death of partner, shooting of a suspect or civilian, injury, or after complaint
Signature is a unique aspect of the crime that has to do with the criminal’s personality—and his “need” to commit the crime Undoing
behavioral pattern where offender tries to “undo” the crime and may indicate a distraught or emotionally upset offender. They may try to make the body “comfortable” or return it to a natural looking state Souvenir
meaningful souvenir taken by the offender to remember the incident or psychologically control the victim. Can be jewelry, photograph, clothing, body part, etc. Staging
rearrange a crime scene to redirect the investigation away from likely suspect or to protect victim or family in the case of a suicide or accidental death (that might embarrass the family—autoerotic asphyxia) Criminal Profiling
Also known as “offender profiling”, is an investigative tool in which a crime and the way it was committed is analyzed to determine various aspects of the criminal’s personality in order to narrow the search for the offender. It is based on the assumption that the way a person thinks directs their behavior. Criminal profiling cannot provide a specific identity (John Smith of Minneapolis), but develops a personality sketch. Psychological Autopsy
mental” equivalent of a physical autopsy—it is used to determine the cause of death from a psychological standpoint. It may help to answer the questions: How and when did the individual die?
Was the death an accident? Was the death suicide? And if so, why did the person kill themselves? What was the most probable cause of death?
Natural, Accidental, Suicide, Homicide
The polygraph technique is more commonly known as a lie-detector Control Question Technique...