First Aide Notes

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  • Topic: Injuries, Medical emergencies, Heart
  • Pages : 22 (3394 words )
  • Download(s) : 183
  • Published : May 7, 2013
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Chapter 1
Importance of First Aid
it’s better to know it and not need it than to need and not know everyone should be able to perform first aid, you are going to need it What is First Aid?
the immediate care
doesn’t take the place of proper medical care
temporary help
difference between life or death
First Aid and the Law
can be sued
Minimize Risk of Suite
get consent
follow guidelines
explain what you will do
once you start, you can’t leave until proper help comes
Consent
Must Have before helping
Touching them without permission is unlawful (called battery) Levels of Consent
Expressed Consent
* - must be obtained by alert victim of legal age
Implied Consent
* - unresponsive victim with life-threatening condition Children and Mentally Incompetent Adults
* - Guardian permission and consent
Refusing Help
some may refuse help
reason:
* religion
* avoid pain
* prefer doctor. . .
What do you do?
try to persuade
have a witness
consider calling law enforcement
Abandonment
once you start, you can’t leave until help comes and you are dismissed Negligence
not following accepted standards of care
this involves:
* having a duty to act
* breaching that duty
* causing injury
* exceeding your level
Duty to Act
Not required unless legal duty to act:
* employment
* licensed
* preexisting responsibility (parent-kid)
* type of rescue
Breach of Duty
Act of Omission
* - not doing something simple like putting a band aid on Act of Commission
* doing too much like trying to stitches on with out experience Confidentiality
cautious about revealing info when caring for a victim (keep secret) some states require you to report rape, abuse, gunshots
* * NJ requires gunshots, stabbings, and dog bites. . . but not rape (unless the victim wants it reported) Good Samaritan Laws
law to protect docs and others from providing care
encourages people to assist others in distress
* 1. Acting during emergency
* 2. Acting in good faith
* 3. Not guilty of malicious misconduct

Chapter 2
Emergencies
dangerous
rare
different
unforeseen
Bystander Actions
vital link between EMS and victim:
* - severity
physical distance:
* - the closer, the more notice
relationship:
* - knowing them, notice more
time exposed:
* - arriving later, different stories
Factors that Influence Whether a Bystander Helps
decide if there is an emergency
put off by physical characteristics:
* - blood
* - vomit
* - alcohol on breath
attention on HIV & AIDS
arriving after the event:
* - not seeing what happened
To Help or Not to Help
Deciding to help:
* 1. Appreciate the importance of help
* 2. Feeling confident
* 3. Be willing to help
* 4. Comfortable with taking charge
* 5. Bodily fluids
Why NOT Help?
* harmful
* injury
* sued
* getting a disease
* helping doesn't matter:
victim gets what they deserves
* obstacles
When Calling EMS
be prepared with info:
* 1. Location
* 2. Phone number
* 3. What happened
* 4. Number of people
* 5. Victims condition
Never Hang Up Until Told To Do SO
Second Size- Up
a 10-second glance:
* hazards
* cause
* number of victims
Disease Precautions
range from mild to life threatening
prevention:
* hand-washing
* protective equipment
Stages of Grieving
Five Stages:
* 1. Denial
* 2. Anger
* 3. Bargaining
* 4. Depression
* 5. Acceptance
*
*

Avra Mendelaw

Shock
What is Shock?
a state of collapse and failure of the cardiovascular system leads to cellular death> organ failure> body failure> death
Causes
heart pump fails, reduced pressure of the circulating blood develop as a result of a reduction in the fluid circulation Ex. External/internal bleeding
Respiratory Insufficiency:
* - wind knocked out; not...
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