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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide

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  • October 2012
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Final Exam Study Guide for BIO 235

Chapter 1
Define homeostasis, homeostatic mechanism, metabolism, anatomy, physiology, negative and positive feedback
Levels of organization
Maintenance of life
Characteristics of life
Body cavities (nine regions of the abdomen)
Membranes that line them and cover the organs
Describe anatomical position
Understand terms for relative positions
Three (3) types of body sections (cuts)
Know the different body systems, their overall function and organs included  
Chapter 2
Define atomic weight and atomic number, compound, molecule, protons, neutron, electron, matter, electrolyte, ion, isotope, acid, base, organic, inorganic, enzyme Three (3) types of radiation

Understand types of chemical reactions and their formulas
Know the pH scale and the pH range of blood
Understand the chemical composition of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids  
Chapter 3
Describe each type of organelle, and its function
Define pinocytosis, phagocytosis, diffusion, osmosis, filtration, endocytosis, exocytosis,mitosis, meiosis, cytokinesis, oncology, differentiation, stem cell, progenitor cell, apotosis,

Describe the parts of the cell cycle and identify the major activities during each part  
Chapter 4
Understand the difference between anabolism (dehydration synthesis) and catabolism (hydrolysis)
Define cofactor, coenzyme, substrate, product, metabolic pathway, ATP, ADP, oxidation, Explain the process of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration (glycolysis, Citric acid cycle, electron transport) chain)

Describe the steps of protein synthesis (transcription, translation), including DNA and RNA base pairing
Chapter 5
Describe the general characteristics, location and functions of the different epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissues (including cells and fibers found within)  
Chapter 6
Layers of skin
Describe the specific layers of epidermis
Describe the...

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