Final Exam Questions & Answers

Topics: Prison, Crime, Death Penalty Pages: 7 (1649 words) Published: June 6, 2013
CJUS Final Review
1. Know what the Fifth Amendment limits?
 
Limitations on the exercise of governmental power or authority and prevent person from being tried twice for the same offense, testify against himself. 2. Sixth Amendment guarantees what?
 
The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to legal counsel at all significant stages of a criminal proceeding.  
3. The eighth amendment bars what?
U.S. constitutional amendment forbidding excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishment 4. Solitary confinement AKA administrative segregation, why is it necessary? A critical management tool for separating “dangerous and disruptive” inmates who pose a threat to the safety of guards or fellow prisoners.  

5. Sometimes deadly force is permissible in order to prevent what from happening? When the officer has a reasonable belief that the subject of such force poses an imminent danger such e.g. escaping prisoners or fleeing felons. 6. They were different views (humanistic, legal), which view suggests that if inmates are given the same rights and privileges like any citizen, they’re anger and resentment toward society will diminish? Humanistic View

7. The supreme court that the right to practice religion encompasses what, necessity, civil right (does it end when a person is incarcerated)? Religion - Religious instruction and services are always provided in federal, state, and private prisons as long as it does not jeopardize institutional security. OR

The court determined that prisoners should be allowed to practice their religion when these conditions are met: - Duly established religion.
- The practice is a basic tenet of an established
- The practice do not endanger institution security
8. Searches are conducted by prison officials, as a result, are there any restrictions? (Are they prohibited by law, are they unreasonable) The courts have consistently held that the protection the Fourth Amendment provides against unreasonable searches and seizures does not extend to prison. 9. If we want to correct the offender’s character, habits, attitudes and behavior, what type of treatment would that be called? Correctional treatment

10. There are different types of assessments (risk, needs, alternative, and lifestyle) which one would be used to record prisoner’s problems? Needs assessment
 
11. There is a principle that maintains that programs should consider offender’s situations as well as characteristics that maybe come barriers to success in correctional program?(character, responsively, etc.) Responsivity principle

12. What is the name of the technique in which rewards or punishments are used to alter or change a person’s behavior? Behavior modification or Behavior therapy
13. What is the average annual cost of health care per inmate in the US? $12,442 a year
14. There are constitutionally mandated services that are provided to inmates, what do they include? (Recreation, medical, library) a. In addition to treatment, prison authorities have provided basic human services to inmates. b. Medical services

c. Visitation
d. The Library
e. Recreation
 
15. Participation in vocational programs is seen as a means for reducing recidivism, based on the premise that vocation skills teach what? Most inmates lack any regular work experience or skills in a trade. The basic purpose of vocational training, then, is to prepare inmates for jobs in the community. 16. A community treatment group designed to divert drug users from the criminal justice system is known as what? (Choices: drug community, alcohol anonymous, gamblers anonyms) Alcohol anonymous

 
17. What’s parole?
Parole is the planned community release and supervision of incarcerated offenders before the expiration of their full prison sentences  
18. Who decides discretionally parole?
The decision to release inmates is made by a parole board
19. What are the duties of a parole board include what?
 
a. Determines whether an inmate serving an...
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