George Orwell and Opposition to Totalitarianism
George Orwell is an English novelist and journalist. Considered perhaps the 20th century's best chronicler of English culture, Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction and polemical journalism.
He is best known for Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). The former is often thought to reflect degeneration in the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalinism; the latter, life under totalitarian rule.
Today, I’m not going to introduce the two books I mentioned above or the writer himself. Instead, I’m going to talk about his opposition to totalitarianism. I’ll just use the two books to analyse it.
Animal Farm is George Orwell's political satire on totalitarianism. Old Major, an old pig, gathers the animals of Mr. Jones' Manor Farm for a meeting. He advocates all the animals to rebel and embrace Animalism and stage a revolution to achieve an idealistic state of justice and progress. A power-hungry pig, Napoleon, becomes a totalitarian dictator who leads the Animal Farm into oppression.
Different from Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a prediction of the future. In George Orwell's 1984, Winston Smith fights with oppression in Oceania, a place where the Party scrutinizes human actions with ever-watchful Big Brother. Refusing to obey a ban on individuality, Winston dares to express his thoughts in a diary and pursues a relationship with Julia. These criminal deeds bring Winston into the eye of the opposition, who then must reform the people who do not follow the beliefs of the country.
Even if the two books describe two different world, animal world and human world, the ways of governing are astonishingly similar. To sum up, the similar ways of governing are mainly in the following aspects.
* Putting Forward Slogans
* Marking Someone as the Public Enemy
* Enforcing Strict Surveillance
* Manipulating Languages...