Glossary of Terms
accession: 1. acceptance of a treaty by a state that did not participate in its negotiation
or drafting. 2. the act of coming to or attaining (a throne, power, etc.).
Acholi: an ethnic group in northern Uganda, a landlocked country of East Africa. adoption: a process by which a state agrees to international law; with regard to
treaties, adoption usually refers to the initial diplomatic stage at which a treaty is accepted; in order to become effective, after adoption a treaty usually must be ratified by the legislature.
African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (adopted 1981; entered into force 1986): establishes human rights standards and protections for the African
region; notable for addressing community and group rights and duties.
African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights: institutional body
primarily responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa. nationalist organization founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa as a social democratic force. and the surrounding region located in central Mesopotamia (about 50 miles from the center of modern Baghdad, Iraq).
African National Congress (ANC): the South African political party and black
Akkadian: the extinct language of an empire that was centered in the city of Akkad
American Convention on Human Rights (adopted in 1969; entered into force 1978): establishes human rights standards and protections for the Americas;
creates the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
G lossary of Terms
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (1965): nonbinding
declaration of regional human rights standards; it has evolved into an influential document, as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has given it value. from the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, reviewing and reaffirming women’s human rights in all aspects of life; signed by representatives at the conference and morally but not legally binding. example, the Communist Bloc.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action: consensus document emerging
Bloc: a group of countries or political parties who have formed an alliance. For charter: a document issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under
which a corporation, colony, city or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
Charter of the Organization of American States (signed 1948; entered into force 1951): initial charter of the Organization of American States creating the
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
Charter of the United Nations (signed 1945; entered into force 1945): initial
document of the United Nations which spells out the rules for the UN and restates some of the basic principles of international law.
Coke, Sir Edward: (1552–1634) English jurist (one versed in the law, as a judge,
lawyer or scholar), who is considered one of the most eminent jurists in all English history, and best known as a compiler of the law. As a member of Parliament he continually clashed with the Crown and routinely challenged royal authority. In 1621, as a leader in a debate he urged that Parliament should not be subservient to the king. A few years later, Coke helped to write the Petition of Right, the most explicit statement of the principles of liberty to appear in England up to that time and which became an integral part of the English constitution.
Commission on Human Rights: a UN commission comprising a group of
representatives of different countries that deal with situations involving human rights and fundamental freedoms anywhere in the world. Special rapporteurs report to this commission or its subcommissions. and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations as the principal UN policymaking body for women; monitors implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action.
Commission on the Status...
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