Federal Constitution Study Guide
Article I Legislative Branch
1. The job of the legislative branch is to ____Make laws____ 2. The legislative branch is divided into two parts or two houses which are House of Representatives_, ___Senate________ House of Representatives 3. The House of Representatives has ____435____ members 4. There are three qualifications from becoming a member of the House of Representatives 1. Must be ___25___ years old. 2. Must be a US citizen for ____7____ years before election 3. Must live in the state that elects you 5. Only Congress can make ___laws___ 6. The term of office for a member of the House of Representatives is ___2____ years 7. The number of Representatives a state sends to the House of Representatives depends on the states ___population___ (this favors large states) 8. Special Powers only the House has: 1. They have the powers of impeachment (formal listing of charges against a federal official) 2. All ___money or revenue___ bills must start here. 3. They choose their own oversiding officer who is The ___Speaker of the House___ 4. In special cases they pick the President (if there is no majority of electoral votes for a candidate) Senate 9. There are how many members of the Senate _____100_____ (favors smaller states) 10. There are three qualifications from becoming a member of the Senate: 1. Must be _____30____ years old. 2. Must be a US citizen for ___9___ years before the election. 3. Must live in the state that elects them
11. The term of office for a member of the Senate is ______6______ years. 12. How many Senators are up for election every 2 years? ___Approximately 1/3______ 13. Special Powers of the Senate: 1. They have the power to try ____impeachment____ cases (they act as the court)
Congress (Both the House and the Senate)
14. Congress must meet at least ____once____ a year. 15. Each house __seats__, punishes, or expels its own members. 16. One privilege that members of Congress have is free mail for official business. This is called __Franklin
17. If a President doesn’t like a bill he may do the following: 1. He can ____veto______ the bill and send it back to the originating house. 2. He can refuse to sign the bill for 10 days with Congress in session and it becomes a law without his signature 3. He can refuse to sign the bill for 10 days and if Congress adjourns in that time, the bill is dead-- its called a ___pocket____ veto 18. Powers Granted to Congress: 1. Only Congress can declare ___war___ 2. They set the rate for and collect ____taxes____ 3. They can borrow money 4. They can ___coin____ money 5. They control Naturalization or the control of _immigration__ 6. They regulate or control trade between the states (interstate) 7. They grant copyrights and ___patents____. 8. They set up lower ___courts___ 19. Powers forbidden to Congress: 1. They cannot put a __tax__ on goods going from one state to another. 2. There can be no ___ex post facto____laws (can’t make an act a crime after the act has already been committed) 20. One power that is forbidden to the states is that states cannot ____coin___ money.
Article II Executive Branch
1. The job of the Executive Branch is to ______carry out and enforce the laws_______ 2. The President takes office on __January 20th__ 3. The Executive Branch directs most departments of government. 4. There are three qualifications to become the President: 1. Must be at least ______35_____ years old. 2. Must be a ____natural ____ citizen of the United States. 3. Must live within the borders of the US ____14____ years before election. 5. The President’s term of office is _____4____ years. 6. Powers stated in the Constitution: 1. President is the ______commander-in-chief________ of all the armed forces. 2. President makes treaties and appointments (these need to be approved by the ___Senate_____) 3. President grants ____pardons_____ and reprieves for...