Family Systems Intervention

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Family Systems Interventions
Intervention skills: Facilitating family change
Change skills
1.Break maladaptive interaction patterns
2.Clarity problematic consequences
3.Alter affective blocks
4.Initiate cognitive restructuring
5.Implement new adaptive patterns
6.Mobilize external resources as required
Break Maladaptive Patterns
Intervene to control maladaptive patterns by restructuring family interaction verbally or physically •When appropriate, facilitate the adaptive expression of anger of one family member in order to block the recurrent problematic behavior of another

Clarify problematic consequences
Confront family members on the problematic consequences of their own behaviors •Provide verbal or nonverbal support before and after direct confrontation whenever possible Alter Affective Blocks

Convey the importance of expressing and clarifying affective experience in order to better comprehend the maintenance of overt behavior patterns. •Remove inappropriate affective blocks by encouraging open discussion of the emotional turmoil of family members; validate their experience, clarify the content, and provide support Initiate Cognitive Restructuring

Call into question collective beliefs, values, or goals that appear to be problematic and initiate open discussion and reevaluation of relevant issues. •To prevent new affect from blocking further progress, encourage the expression and discharge of emotion (especially through laughing or crying) while modifying a previous cognitive set. •Provide appropriate new information or a reformulation as required to develop more adaptive comprehension •Encourage family members to consider new ideas further and to continue to discuss specific issues at home in order to reach a reality-based consensus. Implement New Adaptive Patterns

Using behavioral principles, apply social reinforcements to strengthen appropriate behaviors at any ti me during the sessions and encourage family members to do the same. •Elicit family member’s willingness to be receptive to suggestions and invite specific behavioral suggestion from other family members (or offer some). •Coach the family in implementing changes that are compatible with appropriate development tasks for the whole family as well as individual family members. •Introduce adaptive changes in behavior during the interview by redirecting interaction patterns and altering spatial and seating arrangements to rearrange subsystems.

Mobilize External Resources as Required
Openly admit to lack of progress as explore possible inhibiting factors both inside and outside the family. Effective Assessment and Intervention
First, workers must develop an attitude that values the potential of families to change. Assessment and mobilization of family strengths should focus on the positives related to many areas, including •Family relationships: caring for members, gender roles that are respected and valued, parental-child relationships based on the best of the child, physical and emotional self-care, the presence of positive family events and successes, supportive couple relationships, family history of previous successes in conflict management, a strong family identity •Individual family member skills: cognitive and intellectual abilities, a positive attitude, competent parenting, positive role-modeling, ability to build and access supportive social environments •Personal qualities: motivation, goal directedness, self-esteem and competence, an ability to laugh at oneself, inner strengths and resources, strong relational, abilities, nondefensiveness, willingness to work on issues despite challenges •Availability of community resources: friends and caring other outside the family, supportive relatives, health care, education, recreation, spiritual community, social services, the skills to navigate in these community resources •Seeing and learning: the ability to recognize difficult life experiences and to...
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