What is Exercises of Practical Life:
Practical: means basic, useful, purposeful
Life: means the way of living.
Exercises of Practical Life are just that, they are Exercises so the child can learn how to do living activities in a purposeful way. Purpose of Exercises of Practical Life:
The purpose and aim of Practical Life is to help the child gain control in the coordination of his movement, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society. It is therefore important to “Teach teaching, not correcting” (Montessori) in order to allow the child to be a fully functional member in his own society. Practical Life Exercises also aid the growth and development of the child’s intellect and concentration and will in turn also help the child develop an orderly way of thinking. Practical Life Exercises helps child’s development broadly in four different groups: 1)Preliminary Applications
3)Grace and Courtesy
4)Control of Moment
In the Preliminary Exercises, the child learns the basic movements of all societies such as pouring, folding, and carrying. In the Applied Exercises, the child learns about the care and maintenance that helps everyday life. These activities are, for example, the care of the person (i.e the washing of the hand) and the care of the environment (i.e dusting a table or outdoor sweeping). In the Grace and Courtesy Exercises, the children work on the interactions of people to people. In the Control of Movement Exercises, the child learns about his own movements and learns how to refine his coordination through such activities as walking on the line. How Exercises of Practical Life Help
Children are naturally interested in activities they have witnessed. Therefore, Dr. Montessori began using what she called “Practical Life Exercises” to allow the child to do activities of daily life and therefore adapt and orientate himself in his society. It is therefore the teacher’s...