Exam Review

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HIUS 222 Exam 2 Review Sheet:
This exam will be a combination of multiple-choice, True/False questions and a few short essay responses. For best results in preparing for the upcoming exam, focus your studies on the following historical items, events and individuals. Your textbook may help with some of the things listed, but this exam is more so drawn from class lectures and power point presentations. 1. Pershing- Gen. John Pershing was ordered by Wilson to hunt down the Mexican villain bandit, Pancho Villa in 1916, Pancho evaded this hunt by hiding in a cave 2. John Scopes- In 1925, a Tennessee science teacher in the public schools who taught the theory of evolution to his classes which sparked a law suit / court case that became the talk of the nation. 3. Axis Powers- Germany, Italy, Japan

4. Hitler- wrote Mein Kampf (my struggle), gains power in 1933 and forms the “Third Reich”, great artist in his time, German Nazi Leader, leads the Holocaust, committed suiced in the bunkers or Berlin on April 30, 1945 5. Herbert Hoover- president 1929-1933, tried to bring an end to the depression but failed, shantytowns were eventually named after him “Hoovervilles”, Hoover was blamed by Americans for the crisis of the depression 1. Dam

2.
Federal home loan bank act
3.
Reconstruction finance court
4.
Promote charity
5.
Halley smoot tariff- made depression world wide worse
6. Zimmerman Note- was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents outraged American public opinion and helped generate support for the United States declaration of war on Germany in April 7. Mussolini- Italian Ruler, who took part in fascism…Mussolini and his wife tried to escape Italy and was captured and hung upside down in the streets 8. 14 Points- was a statement by United States President Woodrow Wilson that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe. 6. Reliance on open diplomacy rather than secret agreements 7. Freedom of the seas

8. Free trade
9. Reduce the military forces and/or weapons
10. Readjust the colonies fairly
11. The allowance for Russia to self-determine its own government 12. Respect for Belgium's Integrity
13. Restoration of French Territory
14. Italy receives territory based upon ethnicity
15. Austria-Hungary receives fair development opportunities 16. Independence for the Balkan states
17. Self-determination for the peoples of the Ottoman Empire and free passage through the Dardanelles 18. Independence for Poland
19. The formation of a League of Nations to guarantee independence for all countries, large and small 9. Stalin- He was the dictator. You are allowed only ONE legit political party. One leader. He is atheist. Religion is the opium of the masses. Gov’t has COMPLETE control over you. Ownership of nothing in his system. Your car- not yours. It belongs to “the people.” In reality, the gov’t is the true owner, b/c of their good graces. THIS IS COMMUNIST RUSSIA. Stalin LOVED himself. Funny thing- wasn’t a tall guy. 5’5”. Statues make him out to be bigger than superman. 10. James Johnson- tried, but failed to push an anti-Lynching law into effect 11. War Bonds- are debt securities issued by a government for the purpose of financing military operations during times of war. War bonds generate capital for the government and make civilians feel involved in their national militaries. This system is also useful as a means of controlling inflation in such an over stimulated economy by removing money from circulation until hopefully after the war is concluded 12. Reparations- are the cost that the losing side has to pay because of war. In WW1, Germany had to pay reparations but was...
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