Euthanasia

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RS INVESTIGATION: EUTHANASIA AND THE RIGHT TO DIE

PLAN FOR THE ESSAY:

RESOURCES ->
Ethical Matters (pages 60) petter and Charlotte Vardy
issue volume 152- Euthanasia and the right to die
Euthanasia and the catholic church
Christian theology Trust- Medical ethics
Ethics matters
A comparison to ethics

Websites:
www.Ageconcern.com
www.saves.asn.au
www.carenotkilling.org.uk
www.daa.org.uk
www.bioethics.ie
www.lifenews.com
www.newscientist.com
www.NHSdirect.nhs.uk
www.nursing-standard.co.uk
www.religioustolerance.org
www.reuters.com
www.royalsociety.org
www.yougov.com
www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia

KEY WORDS AND DEFINITIONS

Active euthanasia
In active euthanasia a person directly and deliberately causes the patient's death. Assisted suicide
This is when the person who wants to die needs help to kill themselves, asks for it and receives it. Competence
A competent patient is one who understands his or her medical condition, what the likely future course of the disease is, and the risks and benefits associated with the treatment of the condition; and who can communicate their wishes. Dignity

The value that a human being has simply by existing, not because of any property or action of an individual. DNR
Abbreviation for Do Not Resuscitate. Instruction telling medical staff not to attempt to resuscitate the patient if the patient has a heart attack. Doctrine of Double Effect
Ethical theory that allows the use of drugs that will shorten life, if the primary aim is only to reduce pain. Futile treatment
Treatment that the health care team think will be completely ineffective. Indirect euthanasia
This means providing treatment (usually to reduce pain) that has the foreseeable side effect of causing the patient to die sooner.

Involuntary euthanasia
This occurs when the person who dies wants to live but is killed anyway. It is usually the same thing as murder. Living will
A document prepared by an individual in which they state what they want in regard to medical treatment and euthanasia. Non-voluntary euthanasia
This is where the person is unable to ask for euthanasia (perhaps they are unconscious or otherwise unable to communicate), or to make a meaningful choice between living and dying and an appropriate person takes the decision on their behalf, perhaps in accordance with their living will, or previously expressed wishes. Palliative care

Medical, emotional, psychosocial, or spiritual care given to a person who is terminally ill and which is aimed at reducing suffering rather than curing. Passive euthanasia
In passive euthanasia death is brought about by an omission - i.e. by withdrawing or withholding treatment in order to let the person die. PAS
Abbreviation for Physician Assisted Suicide.
Voluntary euthanasia
This is where euthanasia is carried out at the request of the person who dies.

PLAN FOR ESSAY (FOR AND AGAINST)

KEY POINTS:
HISTORY OF EUTHANASIA
TERMINAL ILLNESSES
MEDICAL ETHICS
THE LAW
SITUATION ETHICS (POSSIBLY UTILITARIANISM)
RELIGIOUS VIEWS (CATHOLIC CHURCH)
HUMAN RIGHTS (AUTONOMY)
ABORTION
PROPORTIONALISM
NATURAL LAW
KANTIAN ETHICS
WHAT THE PEOPLE THINK
LEGALIZED IN SOME COUNTRIES
MEDIEVAL TIMES

FOR EUTHANASIA:

RELIEF OF PAIN
SITUATION ETHICS
HUMAN RIGHT
ABORTION
VOLUNTARY
UTILITARIANISM (GREATER GOOD)
TERMINAL ILLNESSES
DISABILITIES
LISTED COUNTRIES

AGAINST EUTHANASIA:
ABORTION
Law
Religion
Double effect
Care NOT killing
Non-Voluntary
Unnecessary (proper medication could be found)
Vulnerability
Medical Ethics
Dignity in Dying

Case Studies (Wikipedia)
Diane Pretty
Donald Cowart
Daniel James
Tony Bland

Types Of Euthanasia
Voluntary and involuntary Euthanasia
Assisted Suicide
Doctrine of The double effect
Active and Passive
DNR - Do Not Resuscitate

INTRODUCTION TO EUTHANASIA

Euthanasia comes from the greek word ‘Euthanatos’ meaning good...
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