euthanasia

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INTRODUCTION

Euthanasia is one of the most complicated issues in the medical field due to the clash of ethically point of views. Nowadays, the lives of many patients can be saved with the latest discoveries in treatments and technology. But we still are unable to find cure to all illnesses, and patients have to go through extremely painful treatments only to have time. These patients struggle with physical and psychological pain. Due to highly costs treatments, few capability to have total control of their lives and the only option to live a short amount of time with painful treatments: People should have the right, with certain restrictions, to end their lives in the best way possible to stop suffering of an endless pain. Society should have compassion and respect to the patient's decision whose life becomes unbearable. 

Euthanasia comes from the Greek words Eu: "good" and Thanasia:"death". It is the action of terminating intentionally the life of a human being to eliminate suffering for his/her benefit. When a person has a terminal disease, all the types of treatments have been practiced, nothing works and the endless pain of the patient still exists: Euthanasia could be an option, depending on the case. For example, a person is in coma due to brain stoppage, so his life is meaningless for that person. This human being will not be able to feel or rationalize what is going on. In such cases, Euthanasia could be an option for the patient and family members to relieve from agonizing processes. 

Euthanasia must be a decision made directly from the patient or, in extreme cases, from an immediate family member. Therefore in my perspective, the act of Euthanasia can be performed in two different types of consents: Voluntary and Non-Voluntary. The act of Voluntary Euthanasia is a decision made by a reasonable patient, who requests or gives an informed consent (Living Will) to the acceleration process or total stoppage of certain treatment to die. In this case, doctors must provide the patients with other options before they recommend Euthanasia as an alternative. If the patient make this choice, it should be respected and followed because nobody more than them, know the deplorable conditions in which their physical and emotional pain are driving their lives. 

In the Non-Voluntary Euthanasia cases, the decision is not made by the person who is going to die. The patient must be an infant, very old, mentally impaired, very ill physically and mentally, unconscious, or not competent to make such decision. If someone is so sick that is unable to make the delicate decision, Euthanasia can be performed only by consent of a close relative like spouse, parent or guardian or in extreme cases settle by a judge. For example, in the cases of coma or inability to communicate is impossible for the patient to make such decision, therefore the decision should be based in what is expected to be the best for them.  In some reports a third kind of consent is considered: Involuntary Euthanasia. It is described as the act of euthanasia performed without the person's consent even though they made an "expressed wish to the contrary" (euthanasia.com).To this type of act I object, as the act is performed contrary to the patient's wishes. If a person did not talk about what he/she would prefer when such situation would occur, then in some cases is understandable the decision could be made by the family members, according to their situation. Contrary to the fact that the patient expressed his disagreement to the act and then is performed. For me, is morally impermissible to allow such act, because we are violating human rights by not respecting their decisions. We are imposing our view of life into their lives. We can give opinions and views, but we should not impose death and Euthanasia should be based on the patient's decision as well as benefit. 

Furthermore to the type of consents, Euthanasia is classified in two categories: Passive...
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