Ethics and Fiqh for Everyday Life

Topics: Islam, God, Ethics Pages: 61 (20690 words) Published: October 14, 2012
UNGS 2050

Sections 40 / 41

“Ethics & Fiqh for Everyday Life”

Time t-th
11.30 am 1.00pm
2.00-3.30 pm

Venue LT 3

Consultation Hours:
Mon. – Fr. 9. 00am – 12.00 pm

References are any reliable and scientific books that deal with the topics discussed in the class.

Final exam 50 %
Participation, presentation, attendance
10 %
Mid-term exam 20 %: to be determined
20 % Collective assignment:
Collective article review (ANY of the following articles available on-line):

Form groups of 3-5 persons in each group (no mixing between br. and sis. in groups), divide your tasks and produce collectively a review of ANY of the 6 articles. The assignment (review) should have two parts: first: a brief summery of the main ideas in an article; second: your comments/discussion about different aspects of the article chosen (Methodology, language, conclusions, line of discussion, etc.) Chose ANY of the 6 mentioned articles.

ONLY TWO pages; single spacing; TNR 12; Deadline:……..
Submission during the class
(become a member and try to benefit/contribute as much as possible) Two weeks.

What is Ethics?

1. “Ethics is a code of values which guide our choices and actions and determine the purpose and course of our lives.”

Values/beliefs/standards they are the CAUSE an ethical/moral action is the EFFECT Causal relationship

2. “Ethics refers to standards of conduct, standards that indicate how one should behave based on moral duties and virtues, which themselves are derived from principles of right and wrong.”

Two aspects of ethics: 1) the ability to discern right from wrong, good from evil (knowledge) 2) and the commitment to do what is right and proper, and to avoid what is bad and evil. (action)

The first requirement is knowledge;
Secondly, action

Causal relationship
Cause + effect

Knowledge + action = ethics (overall behavior) (ihsan)

Three conditions for a deed to be accepted:
1. That it is done in the name of God
2. That it is done in accordance with Islam (Shari’ah)
3. That it is done in the spirit of excellence (total commitment/devotion)

The example of our beloved Prophet (pbuh):
His mission lasted 23 years: 13 years in Makkah and 10 years in madinah. What was the nature of his preaching in Makkah?
He talked/preached ONLY concepts, understanding them, understating life, death, God, man, etc. In other words, he taught people to know who they, their life, their God, their environment, etc., are. The meaning of society, one’s purpose in life, etc. (basic knowledge) What was the nature of his preaching in Madinah?

When was the obligation of Prayer revealed?

Some burning ethical questions:
How to determine what is good and what is bad?
How are solutions to ethical dilemmas determined?
Why to be ethical?
What is a value?
Who determines values?

4. Ethics in the West is seen as a branch of philosophy in which men attempt to evaluate and decide upon particular courses of moral action. (Encyclopedia Americana)

Man’s limitations (mental, psychological and physical), plus the power of his emotions, associations, etc, do not qualify man to be in charge of evaluate and deciding upon particular courses of moral action in absence of divine guidance.

Qur’an said: “…man has been created weak”
“…man has been created from haste”
“you (man) have been given but little knowledge.”...
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