By: Mrs. Omarine Al Rafie
Schedule of Assessment Research Project 18% *Case Scenario 03% Homework 07% 2 Quizzes 14% Major Exam 18% Final 40% 100%
1. 2. 3.
Introduction: Why computer ethics?
Ethics and Information Technology Ethics in IT-Configured Societies
5. 6. 7.
Information Flow, Privacy & Surveillance
Digital Intellectual Property Digital Order Professional Ethics in Computing
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Introduction: Why computer ethics?
Ethics and Information Technology Ethics in IT-Configured Societies Information Flow, Privacy & Surveillance Digital Intellectual Property Digital Order Professional Ethics in Computing 4
1.1 A Virtual Rape 1.2 Surprises About Social Networking 1.3 RFID and Caring for the Elderly
WHY Computer Ethics?
1- Why does IT create ethical issues? 2- Do we need a special field of study for IT ethics?
3- Why isn’t this just considered an ethics course, period?
4- What’s the best way to understand and resolve ethical issues in IT?
Agree, or Disagree?
The study of computer ethics is the study of human beings and society Technology is neutral – “guns don’t kill people, people kill people.”
The Standard Account
New Possibilities, a Vacuum of Policies, Conceptual Muddles
The Standard Account – James Moor, 1985 an article entitled “What is Computer Ethics?” New technologies seem to pose ethical issues when they create new possibilities for human action
Scenarios Virtual worlds, online communication, new tracking possibilities
New possibilities “technologies” are not always good, they may effect different ppl differently
(cars air pollution, nuclear power nuclear waste)
James Moor (1985) idea is that the task of CE is to fill policy vacuums
Example (not just new technologies, they change overtime): Early days of technology lack of rules regarding access to electronically stored data Today it’s obvious that computer files should be treated as private
Is it ethical for a company with a web site to place a cookie on the hard drive of the ones who visit their site?
Filling the Vacuum, Clarifying Conceptual Muddles
Finding the right policy is complex (like freedom of speech on the internet depends on the content and when and where they were expressed – adults, children)
An Update to the Standard Account
Science and Technology Studies - STS has developed, provides insight into the relationship between technology and society - how technology affects ethics The account is not specific for IT, it is applicable to “new technologies ethics.” Emphasis on “newness” may be misleading – pushing out other stages of the technology lifecycle
The Sociotechnical Systems Perspective
STS – science, technology and society
STS core ideas:
Reject technological determinism/ Think coshaping Reject technology as material objects/ Think sociotechnical systems
Reject technology as neutral/ Think technology infused with values 12
1- Reject Technological Determinism/ Think Coshaping
Technological Determinism Claims:
Technology develops independently from society. (STS scholars disagree – legal system, culture, social incidents) When a technology is taken up and used in a society, it determines the character of the society. (STS – technology shapes rather than determines the society) internet democracy 13
2- Reject Technology as Material Objects/ Think Sociotechnical systems
Traditional ethics studies human behaviour and treats technology as neutral. STS sees that ppl and technologies are intertwined. Ppl are influenced by artifacts and artifacts are shaped by humans. STS scholars think of technology as sociotechnical systems 14