1. In a short essay, list and explain the six key elements in designing an organization’s structure.
a.Work specialization this concept describes the degree to which tasks in an organization are divided into separate jobs.
b.Departmentalization the basis by which jobs are grouped together is called departmentalization. The five common forms of departmentalization include functional, product, geographical, process, and customer departmentalization.
c.Chain of command this is the continuous line of authority that extends from upper organizational levels to the lowest levels and clarifies who reports to whom.
d.Span of control this concept is important because, to a large degree, it determines the number of levels and managers an organization has.
e.Centralization and decentralization centralization describes the degree to which decision making is concentrated at a single point in the organization.
f.Formalization this refers to the degree to which jobs within the organization are standardized and the extent to which employee behavior is guided by rules and procedures.
2. In a short essay, list five of the six major sources of potential job candidates. Include a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each major source to support your answer.
a.Internet the advantages are that this source can reach large numbers of people and can get immediate feedback. The disadvantage is that it generates many unqualified candidates.
b.Employee referrals the advantages include knowledge about the organization may be provided by current employee and can generate strong candidates because a good referral reflects on the recommender. A disadvantage is that this source may not increase the diversity and mix of employees.
c.Internal source the advantages include low cost, builds employee morale, and candidates are familiar with the organization. The disadvantages include limited supply and this source may not...