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Equatorial Regions

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Equatorial 

The equatorial, hot, wet, climate is found between 5 degrees north and 10 degrees south of the equator. The temperature of the equatorial regions is hot throughout the year, with a very low temperature range usually of less than 3 degrees Celsius. Due to the heat in the equatorial belt mornings are bright and sunny. This causes evaporation and conventional air currents are set up, followed by heavy down pours of convectional rain. The amount of rainfall recorded in one afternoon may be as much as the deserts receive for the entire year.

Humid Subtropical 

The Humid Subtropical climate is found on the east coast of continents between 20o and 40o north and south of the equator. Humid Subtropical climate is known for hot humid summers and mild. The rain falls throughout the year.  The regularly high temperatures evaporate water, which causes humidity and precipitation.  The high humidity in this region makes summer temperatures feel even hotter.  Humid Subtropical areas usually experience strong storms such as tornadoes and hurricanes.  

Tropical Wet/Dry

Tropical Wet/Dry is found near the equator, usually on the outer edges of Tropical Wet climate areas. During the wet season, temperatures average about 77 degrees. The temperatures stay high throughout the year because of the latitude where this climate occurs.  Areas near the equator receive constant direct sunlight and therefore, heat. The change in precipitation is what gives this climate type its name.  Precipitation only falls during the summer months, usually from May-August with June and July having the heaviest rain.  

Mediterranean:

Mediterranean climate is found between the 30o and 45o degree latitudes.  This climate is often found on the western sides of continents. The climate is known for warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Mediterranean climate is a fairly dry climate.  Almost no rain falls during the summer, so most of the rain falls during the...