Eosc Final

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EOSC
 112
 Learning
 Goals
 for
 Final
 Exam,
 Fall
 2012
 

Course Learning Goals:

By the end of this course, students will be able to… 1. DESCRIBE  how
 Earth’s
 geosphere,
 atmosphere,
 hydrosphere,
 and
 biosphere
  comprise
 an
 integrated
 system
 driven
 by
 a
 continuous
 supply
 of
 energy
  2. EXPLAIN
 the
 primary
 factors
 determining
 Earth’s
 climate
  3. EVALUATE
 evidence
 and
 hypotheses
 explaining
 why
 Earth’s
 climate
 changes
 on
  different
 time
 scales
  4. COMPARE
 today’s
 climate
 to
 the
 climate
 of
 the
 past
  5. Using
 scientific
 principles
 and
 evidence,
 EVALUATE
 information
 in
 the
  mainstream
 media
 about
 climate
 change.
 
 

Lecture-level Learning Goals: Students will be able to… Radiation Balance 1. COMPARE
 infrared,
 ultraviolet,
 and
 visible
 electromagnetic
 radiation
 in
 terms
  of
 energy
 per
 photon,
 frequency,
 and
 wavelength
  2. COMPARE
 the
 amount
 and
 type
 of
 energy
 emitted
 by
 objects
 at
 different
  temperatures
  3. PREDICT
 the
 effect
 of
 varying
 the
 factors
 that
 determine
 the
 solar
 constant
 of
 a
  planet
  4. PREDICT
 the
 consequences
 of
 varying
 the
 factors
 that
 determine
 the
 (a)
 effective
  radiating
 temperature
 and
 (b)
 mean
 surface
 temperature
 of
 a
 planet
  5. DESCRIBE
 how
 incoming
 and
 outgoing
 electromagnetic
 radiation
 interacts
 with
  Earth’s
 surface
 and
 its
 atmosphere
  6. PREDICT
 how
 changes
 in
 solar
 constant,
 greenhouse
 gases,
 and
 albedo
 will
  affect
 a
 planet’s
 mean
 surface
 temperature
  7. BALANCE
 a
 radiation
 budget
 by
 accounting
 for
 reflection,
 absorption,
 and
  transmission
 of
 radiation
 throughout
 a
 system
  8. PREDICT
 the
 consequences
 for
 Earth’s
 surface
 temperature
 of
 latent
 heat
 and
  sensible
 heat
 transfer
 from
 the
 Earth’s
 surface
 to
 the
 atmosphere
  9. CONTRAST
 the
 equator-­‐to-­‐pole
 temperature
 gradient
 with
 and
 without
  atmospheric
 circulation
 
  10. DEVELOP
 the
 general
 atmospheric
 circulation
 starting
 with
 the
 distribution
 of
  incoming
 solar
 energy
  11. PREDICT,
 for
 any
 latitude,
 the
 direction
 from
 which
 surface
 winds
 blow,
 based
 on
  the
 general
 atmospheric
 circulation
 
  12. PREDICT
 atmospheric
 circulation,
 location
 of
 cloud
 formation
 and
 precipitation
  for
 today’s
 Earth
 with
 continents
  13. EXPLAIN
 how
 a
 balance
 between
 atmospheric
 pressure
 differences
 and
 Coriolis
  results
 in
 geostrophic
 winds
 

Atmosphere
 

Hydrosphere
 

14. APPLY
 geostrophic
 wind
 principles
 to
 storms
 and
 jet
 streams
  15. PREDICT
 atmospheric
 circulation,
 location
 of
 cloud
 formation
 and
 precipitation
  for
 today’s
 Earth
 with
 continents
 (Note
 that
 we
 had
 this
 goal
 in
 a
 previous
 class
  too.
 
 Today
 the
 picture
 just
 gets
 more
 complex.)
  16. USE
 temperature
 and
 pressure
 differences
 between
 land
 and
 sea
 to
 DESCRIBE
  seasonal
 changes
 in
 atmospheric...
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