Environmental Health Science: Air Pollution

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LECTURE NOTES
For Environmental Health Science Students

Air Pollution

Mengesha Admassu, Mamo Wubeshet

University of Gondar
In collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education

August 2006

Funded under USAID Cooperative Agreement No. 663-A-00-00-0358-00. Produced in collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education.

Important Guidelines for Printing and Photocopying Limited permission is granted free of charge to print or photocopy all pages of this publication for educational, not-for-profit use by health care workers, students or faculty. All copies must retain all author credits and copyright notices included in the original document. Under no circumstances is it permissible to sell or distribute on a commercial basis, or to claim authorship of, copies of material reproduced from this publication.

©2005 by Mengesha Admassu, Mamo Wubeshet
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided above, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the author or authors.

This material is intended for educational use only by practicing health care workers or students and faculty in a health care field.

PREFACE
Shortage of appropriate textbooks that could meet the need for training professionals on the nature and the magnitude of ambient and indoor air pollutions and their effects have been one of the outstanding problems in the existing higher health learning institutions in Ethiopia. Therefore, a well-developed teaching material to produce the required qualified health professionals, who are considered to shoulder the responsibility of preventing and controlling of air pollutions by creating awareness and entertaining some interventional measures among the communities, is obvious. The present lecture note on “Air pollution” is therefore, prepared to be used as a teaching material to train mainly environmental health and other students of health category in Ethiopia. It is believed this teaching material plays a significant role to solve the critical shortage of reference books and text on the subject. The lecture note is designed to make the training somehow a practical application to the actual indoor and out door air pollutions in the country. It contains five chapters in which the major current out/ in-door air pollution problems with their suggested solutions are discussed. Each chapter is presented in simple language and is provided with learning objectives, body introduction, exercises, and suggested reading as appropriate. Text books,

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journals, internet sources and other lecture manuscript are used to develop this lecture material. We have also incorporated the useful ideas of different instructors of the course to standardize it to its present status, which the authors hope to further improve the draft through the consultations, pretest and revisions. It is also hoped that this lecture note will be of particular use not only for students of health category in colleges and universities, but to those graduates working in health care service institutions and environmental protection agencies.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We would like to express our thanks to The Carter Center, Atlanta Georgia, for financial supports to the subsequent workshops conducted to develop the lecture note. The Carter Center would also be acknowledged for providing useful guidelines, technical and moral support during the development of the lecture note. All the instructors, who teach the courses in the existing higher teaching-learning institutions, who critically reviewed the manuscript on subsequent...
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