English Midterm Review Grade 10

Topics: United States Constitution, Articles of Confederation, Iroquois Pages: 6 (1686 words) Published: December 18, 2011
The Iroquois Constitution

 It is about the Five Nations that formed the Iroquois Confederation and what they should and should not do. (Constitution and laws) The Five Nations included the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca tribes.

Comparing the Great Law of Peace and The Constitution of The United States of America

The United States Constitution was influenced by the concepts and the principles enclosed in The Great Law of Peace. Some of the same ideas that were in the Iroquois’ constitution were carried over to some of the ideas that we use in our government today

*The U. S. constitution had a lot of the same basic principles as the Iroquois constitution *There are people selected to rule and people under them as well. *Both have Qualification rules to be a leader

Iroquois: trustworthy, honest, responsible, faithful US Constitution: 25 years old, citizen
*Both have the council
*Speakers- House of Rep. Chooses their Speaker
*Legislative- Each State has a few representatives
Council of the Mohawk (3 chiefs)
State Senators (2 Senators per State) *Impeachment
*Both believe in
*Common defense
*Peace/ domestic tranquility
*Classification is chosen by experience

*In the Iroquois constitution, they talk about the tree that binds them together and they have laws that involve their religion. The U.S. constitution leaves this out because they wanted people in the U.S. to have the freedom. • Right of bestowing the title of Chief Statesman in the Iroquois Constitution is Hereditary *In the US, it is chosen by people of several states

The Iroquois are very thankful: “…they shall make an address and offer thanks to the earth where men dwell, to the streams of water, the pools, the springs and the lakes, to the maize and the fruits, to the medicinal herbs and trees, to the forest trees for their usefulness, to the animals that serve as food and give their pelts for clothing, to the great winds and the lesser winds, to the Thunderers, to the Sun, the mighty warrior, to the moon, to the messengers of the Creator who reveal his wishes and to the Great Creator who dwells in the heavens above, who gives all the things useful to men, and who is the source and the ruler of health and life.”

Symbols: The eagle – The protector, watches for danger
“We place at the top of the Tree of the Long Leaves an Eagle who is able to see afar. If he sees in the distance any evil approaching or any danger threatening he will at once warn the people of the Confederacy. “ The Tree of Peace-  is a tall white pine that has been planted by the Onondaga, representing  which unified the five Nations. Peace and unity “ Roots have spread out from the Tree of the Great Peace, one to the north, one to the east, one to the south and one to the west. The name of these roots is The Great White Roots and their nature is Peace and Strength.”

Bundle of five arrows- each representing one of the five founding tribes of the Iroquois League.  The Peace Maker demonstrated that one arrow could easily be broken, while a bundle five would remain strong

Boulders Taller Than the Great Tower of Seville

It is a historical Narrative ( first hand account of the explorers’ journey which describes events in chronological order) Obstacle: Grand Canyon
Explorer: De Cardenas plus 12 men
-Garcia Lopez de Cardenas (the first Europeans), w/the help of Hopi Indians as guides, they found the Grand Canyon. However, unable to find water or to cross the canyon, Cardenas eventually left in frustration. They failed to cross the Colorado River. He reported that he saw boulders 300 feet high, which inspired a comparison to the Great Tower of Seville, one of the world’s tallest cathedrals. For 17 days they ate deer tallow due to a lack of food and water.

They failed and went home. There was a...
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