Characteristics of English Language Teaching Methods: COMPARISON Adapted from Richards and Rodgers (2001) and Gültekin Boran, http://w3.gazi.edu.tr/web/gboran/eltmethodstogether.doc T: teacher, S: Student; SS: students
Grammar Translation Method and Direct Method
|METHOD |Grammar Translation Method |Direct Method | |Proponents/Advocates |Teachers of classical languages (Classical method) |Born as a reaction to GTM, which cannot prepare learners for real oral | | | |communication | |Theory of learning |Deductive learning: rules first, then examples and exercises |Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. | | | |Inductive learning is essential. | | | |direct relation between form and meaning. | | | |L2 learning is similar to L1 acquisition. | | | |Direct exposure to the target language. | | | |Exposure of Long chunks in the target language. | | | |Learning occurs naturally. | | | |Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. | |Theory of language |Language is for understanding the literature |Language is for oral use. | | |Memorization and Translation is the way to learn a language |Each language is unique. | | |Written language is superior to spoken language |Direct relation between form and meaning. | | |Language is not learned for oral communication |No other language should interfere when learning a language | | |Students also learn the structure of their own language | | | |Those who study a foreign language become more cultured and intellectual. | | |Culture |Limited to literature and fine arts |- Not only art or literature, but also other aspects of culture (namely, | | |...
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