English 111 Review

Topics: Sentence, Dependent clause, Syntactic entities Pages: 1 (256 words) Published: March 4, 2013
Verbs show action of the body, mind, occurrences, or state of being Nouns name person, place, thing, and idea
Pronouns take the place of noun, or other pronouns
Adjectives modify nouns, or pronouns
Adverbs modify verbs, other adverbs, adjectives, or entire clauses Prepositions express relationships in time and space
Conjunctions connect words or groups of words
Interjections express surprise or emotion
Use commas to set off introductory words, phrases, and clauses Use commas to separate clauses in compound sentences
Use commas to set off nonrestrictive elements
Use commas to set off parenthetical and transitional expressions Use semicolons to link independent clauses
Use semicolons to separate items in a series containing other punctuation Name 3 types of end punctuation. Period, question mark, exclamation points Quotation marks are used for direct quotation
Single quotation marks enclose a quotation within a quotation Use parentheses to enclose material that is of minor or secondary importance Use brackets to enclose parenthetical elements, and exclamatory words Use dashes to mark a sudden change in tone

Use a colon to introduce an explanation, an example, or an appositive Use slashes to mark line divisions
Ellipses usually indicate something omitted from a quoted passage Use hyphens with compound words
Define
Simple sentence- Consists of one independent clause and no dependent clause. Compound sentence- Consists of two or more independent clauses and no dependent clause. Complex sentence- Consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Compound-Complex sentence- Consists of two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
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