psychology of the learner and learning
Title: emotionally disturbed children
Emotional Disturbance is one of thirteen disabilities outlined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The term Emotionally Disturbed Children refers to youngsters who present severe behavior problems or emotional issues in the classroom to such a degree that their ability to be successful academically and socially in school is significantly compromised.
Emotionally Disturbed Children account for almost one percent of the school age population. Causal factors range from neurobiological factors, such as problems regulating impulsivity, short attention spans, etc. to more environmentally based conclusions such as poverty, single family homes, etc. As with most disabilities, Emotionally Disturbed Children as a group are primarily male. Students with emotional disorders are a very heterogeneous group with a wide range of issues that are unique to each individual. However, there are some key characteristics that are used to define this disability category, mostly relating to issues of personal identity and emotional well-being. An emotional disorder may be present if a student responds to a situation with an inappropriate behavior or emotion, and particularly, if this emotion is depression or long term unhappiness. Students with emotional disorders typically have a very difficult time maintaining personal relationships with others, and these personal problems lead to physical symptoms in time. If the student has difficulty learning, but there is no intellectual or sensory cause of this difficulty, then an emotional disorder may be to blame. This disability category does include some mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. It should be noted that one or more of the previously mentioned characteristics has to be present for an extended period of time, and must have a negative impact on the student's academic performance before being considered an...
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